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Sparisoma chrysopterum

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRIDAE

Scientific Name: Sparisoma chrysopterum
Species Authority: (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Common Name(s):
English Redtail Parrotfish, Blue Parrotfish, Kwab, Pink Kwab, Pink Parrot, Blisterside, Blue Black-finned Chub
French Perroquet Vert
Spanish Jabón, Loro, Loro Azul, Loro Colirrojo, Loro Verde, Vieja Colorada
Synonym(s):
Scarus brachialis Poey, 1861
Scarus chloris Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Scarus chrysopterus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Scarus flavescens Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Scarus lateralis Poey, 1860
Scarus maschalespilos Bleeker, 1862
Scarus squalidus Poey, 1860
Scarus virens Valenciennes, 1840
Sparisoma abildgaardi (Bloch, 1791)
Sparisoma brachiale (Poey, 1861)
Sparisoma chrysopterus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sparisoma elongatum Meek & Hildebrand, 1928
Sparisoma flavescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Sparisoma lorito Jordan & Swain, 1884
Sparisoma squalidum (Poey, 1860)
Sparus abildgaardi Bloch, 1791
Taxonomic Notes: Westneat and Alfaro (2005) recognize the Scarini as a tribe within the family Labridae.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2009-09-15
Assessor(s): Rocha, L.A., Choat, J.H., Clements, K.D., Russell, B., Myers, R., Lazuardi, M.E., Muljadi, A., Pardede, S. & Rahardjo, P.
Reviewer(s): McIlwain, J. & Craig, M.T.
Justification:
This species is widely distributed in the western North Atlantic, and is common throughout its range. There are no major threats known to this species and it occurs in a number of marine protected areas in parts of its distribution. It is listed as Least Concern.
History:
2010 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from the Bahamas and South Florida (USA) to Venezuela.
Countries:
Native:
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba, Sint Eustatius); Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is common throughout its range (L. Rocha pers comm. 2009).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in reef and seagrass habitats from 1-20 m depth. It occurs in coral and rocky reefs, and adjacent habitats, the young especially in seagrass beds. Juveniles or primary-phase adults rapidly assume a mottled pattern and blend with the substratum when they come to rest on the bottom. It feeds on benthic algae and seagrass.
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is caught in commercial and artisanal fisheries.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known for this species. Even though fisheries on these and other medium to large-sized parrotfish species in the Caribbean has been steadily increasing, there is no apparent global decline in population sizes (Friedlander and Beets 2008). There are however, severe population declines in reefs close to densily populated areas around Haiti and Jamaica (Hawkins and Roberts 2004).

Parrotfishes show varying degrees of habitat preference and utilization of coral reef habitats, with some species spending the majority of their life stages on coral reefs, while others primarily utilize seagrass beds, mangroves, algal beds, and /or rocky reefs. Although the majority of the parrotfishes occur in mixed habitat (primarily inhabiting seagrass beds, mangroves, and rocky reefs) approximately 78% of these mixed habitat species are experiencing greater than 30% loss of coral reef area and habitat quality across their distributions. Of those species that occur exclusively in coral reef habitat, more than 80% are experiencing a greater than 30% of coral reef loss and degradation across their distributions. However, more research is needed to understand the long-term effects of habitat loss and degradation on these species populations.   Widespread coral reef loss and declining habitat conditions are particularly worrying for species that depend on live coral reefs for food and shelter especially as studies have shown that protection of pristine habitats facilitate the persistence of adult populations in species that have spatially separated adult and juvenile habitats. Furthermore, coral reef loss and declining habitat conditions are particularly worrying for some corallivorous excavating parrotfishes that play major roles in reef dynamics and sedimentation (Comeros-Raynal et al. 2012).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.

Citation: Rocha, L.A., Choat, J.H., Clements, K.D., Russell, B., Myers, R., Lazuardi, M.E., Muljadi, A., Pardede, S. & Rahardjo, P. 2012. Sparisoma chrysopterum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 November 2014.
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