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Antimora rostrata 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Gadiformes Moridae

Scientific Name: Antimora rostrata (Günther, 1878)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Flat-nose Codling, Blue Antimora, Blue Hake, Flatnose Codling, Long-finned Cod, Violet Cod
French Antimora Bleu, Antimore Bleu, Bertorella Azul, Moro Bleu
Spanish Brótola Azul, Locha Azul, Mollera Azul
Synonym(s):
Antimora australis Barnard, 1925
Antimora meadi Pequeño, 1970
Antimora rhina Garman, 1899
Haloporphyrus rostrata Günther, 1878
Haloporphyrus rostratus Günther, 1878
Haloporphyrus viola Goode & Bean, 1879

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2015
Date Assessed: 2012-07-11
Assessor(s): Iwamoto, T.
Reviewer(s): Polidoro, B., Brittell, T., Carpenter, K.E. & Strongin, K.
Justification:
This deep-water species is widespread, although its presence in the Eastern Central Atlantic needs investigation. It is not utilized and there are no known threats. Therefore, it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Antimora rostrata appears to have a worldwide distribution. It occurs through the eastern and western Pacific south to Tasmania. It occurs in the Atlantic from the Davis Strait (64°N) south through the eastern and western Atlantic to the Antarctic Convergence off South Georgia. It also occurs in the southern Indian Ocean south into Antarctic waters to about 59°S (Iwamoto 1975). In the Eastern Central Atlantic, this species is commonly found from Gabon to the southern tip of South Africa. It is a bentho-pelagic species that inhabits depths between 350-3,000 m (Cohen et al. 1990), although it is most usually found between 1,300-2,500 m depths (Scott and Scott 1988). It resides on the continental slope and upper rise (Cohen 1986).
Countries occurrence:
Native:
American Samoa; Angola; Anguilla; Antarctica; Argentina; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Benin; Bermuda; Bouvet Island; Brazil; Cameroon; Canada; Cape Verde; Chile; Colombia; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Faroe Islands; Fiji; France; French Guiana; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Greenland; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guernsey; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Heard Island and McDonald Islands; Iceland; Indonesia; Ireland; Jersey; Kiribati; Liberia; Madagascar; Martinique; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Montserrat; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norfolk Island; Panama; Peru; Portugal (Azores, Madeira, Portugal (mainland), Selvagens); Puerto Rico; Réunion; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); South Africa; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Spain (Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); Suriname; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Tokelau; Tonga; Turks and Caicos Islands; Tuvalu; United Kingdom; United States; United States Minor Outlying Islands (Howland-Baker Is., Johnston I., Midway Is., US Line Is., Wake Is.); Uruguay; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Western Sahara
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – northeast; Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – Antarctic; Atlantic – southeast; Atlantic – western central; Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – northwest; Indian Ocean – Antarctic; Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – southeast; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – northeast; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – Antarctic
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):3000
Upper depth limit (metres):350
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Antimora rostrata is probably one of the most abundant fishes frequenting abyssal depths in the world's oceans. Females are predominate in catches and large males are uncommon (Iwamoto 1975). In depths between 1,000 and 1,500 m in Greenland the proportion of females increased to 55.6% (n = 692). In trawl hauls from the MAR similar numbers were 70.5% at depths between 1,000 and 2,000 m (n = 342) and 98.8% at depths exceeding 2,000 m (n = 181; Fossen and Bergstad 2006).

Within its peak depth range (1,200-2,700 m), A. rostrata is among the dominating species in all data sets in terms of population density (Fossen and Bergstad 2006).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:An overall increase in average size with depth occurs with A. rostrata. Length at first sexual maturity in A. rostrata is 41-43 cm (Fossen and Bergstad 2006). However, as it matures in size and age, it tends to move off the coast and spawn in the deeper parts of its range (Paulin 1995). There is evidence that A. rostrata forms aggregations segregated at larger sizes by sex (Iwamoto 1975). The maximum size recorded is 42.75 cm (SL). This species is known to feed on benthic invertebrates (Paulin 1995).
Systems:Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is not utilized and there are no known threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place for this species.

Citation: Iwamoto, T. 2015. Antimora rostrata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T190385A15603090. . Downloaded on 25 September 2018.
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