Pungitius hellenicus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pungitius hellenicus
Species Authority: Stephanidis, 1971
Common Name(s):
English Ellinopygósteos, Greek ninespine stickleback

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Barbieri, R. & Kottelat, M. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
This species is restricted to a very small area of remaining habitat (estimated area of occupancy (AOO) <10 km²) and is undergoing a continuous decline due to ongoing water extraction, pollution, and habitat destruction. The population is now extremely fragmented such that individual sub-populations are at an increased risk from stochastic events.
1996 Critically Endangered (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Critically Endangered
1994 Endangered (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Restricted to an estimated ten separate, deep, isolated pools in the Sperchios River catchment in Central Greece: the Aghia Paraskevi spring, and a system of drainage and irrigation canals and a small number of natural wells in the areas of Lycochoria and Valtos and near the village of Kompotades.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Decreasing.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Lives in springs and drainage and irrigation systems with cool springs or slow-running waters with rich vegetation. The water temperature never exceeds 20°C in summer. Its present location appears to provide the only remaining suitable habitat where it can survive.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water extraction (some springs have been completely capped for water extraction), and pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Both the Aghia Paraskevi spring and P. hellenicus have been granted protection by law No 67/1981 of the Greek State and official decision of the Phthiotis Prefect. However, the law is not effectively enforced. It is listed in Appendix III of the Bern Convention.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Pungitius hellenicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 22 May 2015.
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