|Scientific Name:||Ponticola kessleri|
|Species Authority:||(Günther, 1861)|
Neogobius kessleri (Günther, 1861)
|Taxonomic Notes:||Recently transferred from Neogobius to Ponticola. P. gorlap from Caspian Sea, often treated as a subspecies of P. kessleri, is a distinct species.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kottelat, M. & Smith, K.|
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats.
European Union 27 = LC. Same rationale as above.
|Range Description:||Black Sea basin: Danube, Dniestr, South Bug and Dniepr drainages. Since late 1990s, range regularly expanding upstream in Danube drainage, in 1999 recorded for first time in Germany (2,400 km from sea) and in 2005 in upper reaches of Rhine drainage close to canal connecting it with Danube. Meanwhile has colonized the lower and middle reaches of the Rhine and is slowly invading the upper Rhine. In Dniepr up to Kiev. In Dniepr up to Kiev. Absent in Azov Sea basin.|
Native:Bulgaria; Moldova; Romania; Ukraine
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Very abundant and expanding range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Mostly in freshwater and brackish water with very low salinity (less than 2). Estuaries, brackish- and fresh-water lagoons and lakes, large rivers, harbours, on rock bottom. Mostly found on well vegetated or rock bottom in still waters as well as in rapids.
Spawns for the first time at two years. Spawns in March-May. Adhesive eggs deposited on stones, shells and aquatic plants. Males guard eggs until hatching. Feeds on a wide variety of invertebrates. Larger individuals take mostly small fish.
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats known.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information available.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. 2013. Ponticola kessleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.|
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