Symphodus melanocercus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Symphodus melanocercus
Species Authority: (Risso, 1810)
Common Name(s):
English Blacktailed Wrasse
French Rouquié, Clavière
Spanish Llamprega, Tort
Crenilabrus melanocercus (Risso, 1810)
Crenilabrus melanocercus (Risso, 1810)
Lutjanus melanocercus Risso, 1810
Lutjanus melanocercus Risso, 1810

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-07-12
Assessor(s): Pollard, D.
Reviewer(s): Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, and there are no major threats to its populations. Although there is no specific population information available for this species, its population is thought to be stable. This species is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It is also present in the Sea of Marmara (Golani et al. 2006), but it is absent from the Levant (Golani pers. comm. 2008), the northern Adriatic, the northern Aegean, Cyprus and the Black Sea.
Albania; Algeria; Croatia; Cyprus; Egypt; France; Gibraltar; Greece; Israel; Italy; Libya; Malta; Monaco; Morocco; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – northeast; Mediterranean and Black Sea
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The abundance of this species is variable throughout the Mediterranean Sea. For instance, while it is common in Italy, it is uncommon in Turkey. However, there is no available information on the overall status of the Mediterranean populations (D. Pollard pers. comm. 2008).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in rocky areas and seagrass beds. It feeds on worms, small crustaceans (e.g. amphipods and copepods), bryozoans and hydrozoans (Quignard and Pras 1986). It also acts as a cleaner of ectoparasites from other fishes. Spawning takes place in spring and early summer, and the male guards a territory within which the females lay their eggs (Golani et al. 2006).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species may be sold as food when caught in artisanal fisheries, where it is probably mainly used in fish soup.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known for this small species, although it may be sold as food when caught in artisanal fisheries.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.

Citation: Pollard, D. 2010. Symphodus melanocercus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 24 October 2014.
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