Iniistius bimaculatus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Iniistius bimaculatus
Species Authority: (Rüppell, 1829)
Common Name(s):
French Rason deux taches
Spanish Cuchilla de lunar
Hemipteronotus hypospilus Schultz, 1960
Novacula punctulata Valenciennes, 1840
Taxonomic Notes: There is some taxonomic confusion between the species under Xyrichtys and Iniistius. The genus Iniistius has been considered a synonym of Xyrichtys by some authors but it is now recognized as a separate genus, distinct from Xyrichtys (Randall and Earle 2002, Randall et al. 2002). Seventeen species are included in Iniistius and they are: I. aneitensis, I. auropunctatus, I. baldwini, I. bimaculatus, I. cyanifrons, I. dea, I. evides, I. griffithsi, I. jacksoniensis, I. melanopus, I. pavo, I. pentadactylus, I. spilonotus, I. trivittatus, I. twistii, I. umbrilatus, and I. verrens.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-03-25
Assessor(s): Russell, B.
Reviewer(s): Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species is widely distributed in the Indo-West Pacific and there are no apparent threats. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found from the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and the coasts of India (Gomon and Randall 1984), and eastern Papua New Guinea (Randall 1995). It has a disjunct distribution.
Bahrain; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Kuwait; Oman; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudan; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no population information available for this species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in open sand areas adjacent to reefs and in deep lagoons.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species. However, its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.

Citation: Russell, B. 2010. Iniistius bimaculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 28 March 2015.
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