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Halichoeres hortulanus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRIDAE

Scientific Name: Halichoeres hortulanus
Species Authority: (Lacepède, 1801)
Common Name/s:
English Checkerboard wrasse, Four-spot wrasse, Rainbowfish, Wall wrasse
French Arc en ciel jaune, Girelle, Girelle échiquier, Lalo damier, Tamarin
Spanish Lalo ajearezado
Synonym/s:
Halichoeres centiquadrus (Lacepède, 1801)
Halichoeres centiquadrus (Lacepède, 1801)
Halichoeres centriquadrus (Lacepède, 1801)
Halichoeres centriquadrus (Lacepède, 1801)
Halichoeres hortulans (Lacepède, 1801)
Halichoeres hortulans (Lacepède, 1801)
Halichoeres hortulanus centiquadrus (Lacepède, 1801)
Halichoeres hortulanus centiquadrus (Lacepède, 1801)
Labrus centiquadrus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus centiquadrus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus hortulanus Lacepède, 1801
Labrus hortulanus Lacepède, 1801
Taxonomic Notes: There is some discussion in the literature as to whether the Indian Ocean form should be considered as a different species (L. Rocha pers. comm.. 2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-04-12
Assessor/s: Rocha, L. & Craig, M.
Reviewer/s: Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.
Justification:
This species is widespread in the Indo-Pacific. There are no major threats known to this species. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa and east to the Line, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands, north to southern Japan, and south to the southern Great Barrier Reef.
Countries:
Native:
American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia; British Indian Ocean Territory; Cambodia; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Cook Islands; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; India; Indonesia; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Kiribati; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Oman; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no population information available for this species. This species is common in many parts of its range.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is reef associated from 1-30 m. It inhabits sand patches of lagoon and outer seaward reefs to at least 30 m (Myers 1991). It is also found on slopes to moderate depths along drop-offs (Kuiter and Tonozuka 2001).

Juveniles are common at the bottom of surge channels (Lieske and Myers 1994). It feeds mainly on hard-shelled prey, including mollusks, crustaceans and sea urchins (Westneat 2001).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.
Citation: Rocha, L. & Craig, M. 2010. Halichoeres hortulanus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
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