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Oxycheilinus orientalis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRIDAE

Scientific Name: Oxycheilinus orientalis
Species Authority: (Günther, 1862)
Common Name/s:
English Oriental maori wrasse, Oriental wrasse, Slender maori wrasse
Synonym/s:
Cheilinus orientalis Günther, 1862
Taxonomic Notes: This species may be a senior synonym of Oxycheilinus rhodochrous (Randall and Khalaf 2003).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-03-25
Assessor/s: Liu, M. & To, A.
Reviewer/s: Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.
Justification:
This species is widely distributed and is found in deep water habitat. No major threats are known to this species. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in the Red Sea in the northern Gulf of Aqaba (Randall and Khalaf 2003) and is also known from Indonesia (including northern Sumatra and the Mentaiwai Islands) to Samoa, and from the Ryukyu Islands to New Caledonia.
Countries:
Native:
American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia; China; Djibouti; Egypt; Eritrea; Fiji; Guam; Indonesia; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Kenya; Kiribati; Malaysia; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Nauru; New Caledonia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Solomon Islands; Somalia; Sudan; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna; Yemen
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no known population information for this species. It is considered occasional in the Philippines, and is not considered common in Indonesia.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits coral reefs (Allen 2000) and deep slopes (Kuiter 1993) from 15-80 m (Westneat 2001). It is also found in seagrass beds, silty, sand and rubble (R. Myers pers. comm. 2008), as well as algal beds. It feeds mainly on shrimps, fishes and other crustaceans (Kuiter 1993). Females swim in small groups.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known to this species. There is no information on the level of fishing on this species neither for food or ornamental trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are many marine protected areas throughout the distribution of this species. For example, it is known that this species occurs within the Kenting National Park of Taiwan (Shao 2005). However, specific management on this species is largely lacking throughout its range of occurrence.
Citation: Liu, M. & To, A. 2010. Oxycheilinus orientalis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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