Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Pteropodidae

Scientific Name: Pteropus caniceps
Species Authority: Gray, 1870
Common Name(s):
English North Moluccan Flying Fox, Ashy-headed Flying-fox
Spanish Zorro Volador De Cabeza Ceniciento
Pteropus caniceps Andersen, 1908 subspecies dobsoni

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Hutson, A.M. & Helgen, K.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority), Chanson, J. & Chiozza, F. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Near Threatened because its extent of occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km², its range is fragmented over several islands, and populations of this species are most likely in decline due to the combined effects of hunting and habitat loss, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable under criterion B1ab.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is an endemic of Indonesia, and is known from the islands of Halmahera, Batjan, Tidore, and Ternate. Sula, Peleng, and Sangihe island records are erroneous (Bergmans and Rozendaal 1988; K. Helgen pers. comm.; Koopman 1993). There is a single record from Sulawesi that is dubious, and there are no other records from this island.
Countries occurrence:
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1630
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is rarely collected throughout its range.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species lives in both primary and somewhat disturbed habitats. It probably roosts in small groups and is known to roost in tree hollows. It is probably not dependent on water and occurs from sea level up to 1,630 m asl. Some births are known to take place in November (Flannery 1995).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Hunting and deforestation due to expanding agriculture and logging are the main threats to this species. This species is particularly sensitive to deforestation as it relies on older trees for hollows.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place for this species; and it is not known if the species occurs in any protected areas.
It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Citation: Hutson, A.M. & Helgen, K. 2008. Pteropus caniceps. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T18719A8509827. . Downloaded on 09 October 2015.
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