Haplochromis bwathondii 

Scope: Global, Pan-Africa & Eastern Africa
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Cichlidae

Scientific Name: Haplochromis bwathondii Niemantsverdriet & Witte, 2010
Haplochromis sp. nov. 'kribensis' Goldschmidt, 1986
Taxonomic Notes: There is a general agreement that the undescribed form (Haplochromis sp. nov. 'kribensis') is a clearly circumscribed species. The formal description for this species was published in 2010 (Neimantsverdriet and Witte in de Zeeuw et al. 2010).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2010-03-31
Assessor(s): Witte, F., de Zeeuw, M.P. & Brooks, E.
Reviewer(s): Darwall, W. & Smith, K.
The population density of this species was known in the past. The current population density is not known, and the species has declined since the 1970s but has been confirmed to still occur in Lake Victoria in low numbers. The threat responsible for its dramatic decline in the early 1980s was the introduction of the Nile Perch (Lates niloticus) to Lake Victoria. It is not known to what extent this may be affecting different subpopulations, but its current distribution is likely restricted to only a few locations, and it is therefore assessed as Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to Lake Victoria. It has been recorded in surveys carried out in Tanzania.
Countries occurrence:
Tanzania, United Republic of
Additional data:
Number of Locations:1-5
Upper elevation limit (metres):1134
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species has declined in numbers dramatically since 1980. Frequency of occurrence data per 10 min trawling in Mwanza Gulf (based on the value at the station with the highest frequency, with 10-28 catches, Witte et al. 1992) show a decrease from 50% in 1979-82, to 0% in 1987/88, and less than 1% for 1993/95 and 2006/08.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a pelagic species from the littoral and sub-littoral zone. This species is found over all substrates (along rocky shores, over sand and over mud), except vegetation. The species is a phytoplanktivore.
Generation Length (years):1

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is fished, although not targeted specifically.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is predation by Nile Perch (a potentially reversible threat). It is also potentially threatened by hybridization due to decreased water transparency (on account of eutrophication and erosion leading to increased sedimentation and runoff) interfering with mate recognition visual cues (Mrosso et al. 2003). This species is fished, although not targeted specifically.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Many fish species within Lake Victoria have suffered severe and dramatic declines since the introduction of the Nile Perch. Although numbers of the perch have now decreased, the degradation of the water quality is also thought to be having a significant impact on some fish species. More research is needed to monitor this species and how it is affected by these threats, as well as establishing the extent of its range within the lake. Policy based action is needed to decrease the degradation of the lake, as well as to prevent over fishing. Protected areas should also be established.

Citation: Witte, F., de Zeeuw, M.P. & Brooks, E. 2010. Haplochromis bwathondii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T185815A8483446. . Downloaded on 26 September 2018.
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