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Carex runssoroensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA LILIOPSIDA CYPERALES CYPERACEAE

Scientific Name: Carex runssoroensis
Species Authority: K.Schum.
Synonym(s):
Carex runssoroensis subspecies aberdarensis Kük.
Uncinia runssoroensis (K.Schum.) Chiov.
Taxonomic Notes: Type: Congo-Kinshasa, Ruwenzori, Butahu Valley, Stuhlmann 2454 (B†, holo.; K, iso.)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2010-05-10
Assessor(s): Luke W.R.Q.
Reviewer(s): Smith, K. & Juffe Bignoli, D.
Justification:
This is a species with restricted range (area of occupancy of less than 2,000 km2). Recorded from Mt. Rwenzori and less common on Mt. Elgon. It is often found as pure stands which could be a disadvantage in case of fires, disease as whole population can be easily wiped out.  The species is also impacted by a quest for more grazing land for the surrounding communities and congestion by tourists resulting in degradation of bogs. It is therefore listed as Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is native to Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. It occurs between 2,750 m and 4,300 m asl. It is common in Mt. Rwenzori in Uganda, less common on Mt. Elgon. In Kenya, it is found in Aberdare and Elgon mountains between 2,700-4,300 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Kenya; Rwanda; Uganda
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Probably quite healthy where found.

The variety aberdarensis has also been recorded from Aberdare National Park and Mt Kenya National Park.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Swamps, bogs and lake sides, ericaceous belt and giant Lobelia-Alchemilla zone (var. runssoroensis)
Alpine moorland and ericaceous belt, often on exposed rocks and tarns shores (var. aberdarensis)
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Increased population has resulted in a quest for more grazing land for the surrounding communities. Congestion by tourists is resulting in degradation of bogs.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Four populations are within National Parks.

Citation: Luke W.R.Q. 2010. Carex runssoroensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 August 2014.
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