|Scientific Name:||Gobio gobio|
|Species Authority:||(Linnaeus, 1758)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Usually considered to be a morphologically variable species, with different morphologies reflecting adaptations to different habitats. Kottelat and Freyhoff's morphological and molecular data indicate that in fact several species are confused under the name G. gobio in the Black and Caspian Sea basins.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kottelat, M. & Smith, K.|
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats.
European Union 27 = LC. Same rational as above.
Atlantic Ocean, North and Baltic Sea basins, from Loire drainage eastward, eastern Great Britain and Rhône drainages, upper Danube and middle and upper Dniestr, Bug and Dniepr drainages (Black Sea basin). Eastern and southern limits not clear. Introduced to eastern and northern Italy.
Native:Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine; United Kingdom
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Nearly all types of riverine and lacustrine habitats with sand bottom. Known from small mountain streams, large lowland rivers and large lakes. Spawns in shallow water, over stones, sand or plant material. Often at lakes shores or in riffles.
Gregarious. Lives up to five years. Spawns for the first time at 1-3 years; most individuals spawn 1-2 years. Spawns several times in April-August at temperatures above 13°C. Eggs are released above substrate and drift with current, sinking to bottom and sticking to substrate. Larvae and juveniles are benthic and prefer detritus-rich sandy habitats and low current. Feeds on a wide variety of large benthic invertebrates.
|Use and Trade:||This species is harvested for human consumption.|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats known.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information available.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. 2013. Gobio gobio. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 March 2015.|
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