|Scientific Name:||Persicaria amphibia|
|Species Authority:||(L.) Delarbre|
Polygonum amphibium L.
A portion of the genus Polygonum was separated as Persicaria leaving only members of the Polygonum aviculare group in the original genus. Whilst generally widely accepted, IPNI and TROPICOS (for example) appear to retain Polygonum as the correct genus for this species, under which name it would be Polygonum amphibium L.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||García, N. & Tognelli, M.|
|Contributor(s):||de Belair, G., Patzelt, A., Knees, S.G., Williams, L. & Neale, S.|
This species is classed as Least Concern as it is widespread with stable populations and does not face any major threats.
|Range Description:||This species has a sub-cosmopolitan distribution, it is native throughout most of the Old World and apparently so in North America but has been introduced to Mexico, South America and southern Africa (Hinds and Freeman 2005).|
Native:Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Armenia (Armenia); Austria; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Belgium; Bhutan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland I, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tibet [or Xizang], Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Croatia; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Islands; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Georgia; Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland)); Guernsey; Hungary; Iceland; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Ireland; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Jersey; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Kyrgyzstan; Latvia; Lebanon; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Malta; Moldova; Mongolia; Montenegro; Morocco; Nepal; Netherlands; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Altay, Central European Russia, East European Russia, Kaliningrad, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia, West Siberia); Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saudi Arabia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom (Great Britain, Northern Ireland); United States (Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Uzbekistan; Yemen
Introduced:Lesotho; Mexico; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, North-West Province)
|Upper elevation limit (metres):||3000|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
There is no information available on population trends in this species.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species generally occurs in still or slow-flowing water, from which it will spread in a terrestrial form away from the water. It is most typical of mesotrophic to eutrophic water bodies, particularly lakes, canals and canalized lowland rivers.|
|Use and Trade:||The whole plant, and especially the root, has astringent, depurative abilities and is used to treat stomach pains (Plants For A Future 2009).|
There are no known significant past, ongoing or future threats to this species.
There are no conservation measures in place or needed.
|Citation:||Lansdown, R.V. 2013. Persicaria amphibia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T184425A13566131. . Downloaded on 30 November 2015.|
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