Atelopus podocarpus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Atelopus podocarpus Coloma, Duellman, Almendáriz, Ron, Terán-Valdez & Guayasamin, 2010
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) D ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-11-28
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group,
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A.
Contributor(s): Jarvis, L.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Jarvis, L.
Listed as Critically Endangered given that it has experienced a population decline and no live individuals have been reported since 1994, despite intensive and ongoing searches in suitable habitat in historical localities, suggesting that if this species is still extant the pool of remaining mature individuals is likely no greater than 50.
Date last seen: 1994

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from Provincias Loja and Zamora Chinchipe, in the southern Cordillera Oriental of Ecuador, and from the Cordillera de Huancabamba, Región Piura, in northern Peru (Coloma et al. 2010). Its known elevational range spans from 2,700-3,400 m asl, and its historical extent of oOccurrence (EOO) is estimated at 2,475 km2 (Coloma et al. 2010). However based on calculations of recent survey results (Coloma et al. 2010) the current EOO is estimated to be 468 km2.

Countries occurrence:
Possibly extinct:
Ecuador; Peru
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):2700
Upper elevation limit (metres):3400
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The last living individual was seen and collected in December 1994 in Parque Nacional Podocarpus, Ecuador. It was an unhealthy individual which perished while being transported (Coloma et al. 2010). Subsequent survey efforts spanning from 2001-2009 and encompassing several historical localities have not revealed any new records (Coloma et al. 2010). In Peru, the last individual on record was seen in 1980 (Coloma et al. 2010) and this species is feared to be possibly extinct.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:1-50

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It has been found in páramo and subpáramo habitats (tropical montane habitats above the treeline), notably under stones on dirt banks, within scrub covered with moss and lichen as well as in bromeliads found on the ground or in bushes, and around bamboo (Coloma et al. 2010). Although there is limited ecological information, it is expected to breed in running water by larval development, as with other congeners.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There are no reports of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

Given the population decline in what appears to be an otherwise relatively pristine area, and given similar patterns with congeners elsewhere in the tropical Andes, climate change and pathogens are suspected as possible threat factors (Coloma et al. 2010, Coloma and Duellman, 2012), although both of these need to be verified for this species and area.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is known from Podocarpus National Park (Coloma et al. 2010). Further surveys are urgently required to determine if the species is still extant.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group,. 2013. Atelopus podocarpus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T18435550A18625726. . Downloaded on 15 December 2017.
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