Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Clupeiformes Engraulidae

Scientific Name: Anchoviella balboae
Species Authority: (Jordan & Seale, 1926)
Common Name(s):
English Balboa Anchovy
French Anchois de Balboa
Spanish Anchoa de Balboa
Amplova balboae Jordan & Seale, 1926
Anchovia brevirostra Meek & Hildebrand, 1923

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-04-30
Assessor(s): Iwamoto, T., Eschmeyer, W., Alvarado, J. & Bussing, W.
Reviewer(s): Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)
This species has a very restricted, shallow distribution. Because of this, it may be threatened by future ENSO events and global warming. However, with the information currently available for this species, it is not possible to assess it with the IUCN critera. Therefore this species is listed as Data Deficient. Further research on the habitat, ecology, threats, and population trend are recommended so that this species can be reassessed in the near future.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This tropical eastern Pacific species is found from the Fonseca Gulf to Panama (Whitehead 1985, Whitehead et al. 1988, Whitehead and Rodríguez-Sánchez 1995).
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – eastern central
Lower depth limit (metres): 10
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No population data is available for this species. It can be very rare in Costa Rica.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs along sandy shores forming large schools. It is found at depths to 10 m. It feeds on zooplankton, and it has pelagic eggs and larvae (Whitehead 1985, Whitehead et al. 1988, Whitehead and Rodríguez-Sánchez 1995).
Systems: Marine
Congregatory: Congregatory (and dispersive)

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Oceanographic environmental changes such as ENSO/Global warming may have fatal effects on the marine ecosystems and the survival of any regional endemic species in any coastal habitats. This species is bycatch in Panamanian shrimp trawling activities (Medina pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures for this species. The species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in Central America. However, not all of the Marine Protected Areas have been considered to take action against major threats on the ecosystems. Many tropical eastern Pacific endemics are found in habitats that are not currently protected within Marine Protected Areas such as coastal areas with soft substrata. Marine Protected Areas are an important conservation tool, especially for endemic species, and more research (spatial analysis) is needed to design MPA boundaries so that the highest biodiversity and endemism is protected.

Citation: Iwamoto, T., Eschmeyer, W., Alvarado, J. & Bussing, W. 2010. Anchoviella balboae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T183934A8202487. . Downloaded on 06 October 2015.
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