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Harengula thrissina

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CLUPEIFORMES CLUPEIDAE

Scientific Name: Harengula thrissina
Species Authority: (Jordan & Gilbert 1882)
Common Name(s):
English Pacific Flatiron Herring, Flatiron Herring, Herring
Spanish Arenquito, Anchovia, Arenque, Sardina, Sardina Escamuda, Sardinela, Sardinella, Sardineta Plumilla, Sardinita Plumilla
French Harengule Écailleux, Harengule Pacifique
Synonym(s):
Clupea thrissina Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
Taxonomic Notes: This species seems to have two forms or subspecies: Harengula thrissina thrissina from the Gulf of California to Panama and Harengula thrissina peruana from Panama to Peru (Watson and Sandknop 1996).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-05-01
Assessor(s): Iwamoto, T., Eschmeyer, W. & Smith-Vaniz, B.
Reviewer(s): Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species has a wide distribution, has no major threats, and occurs in several Marine Protected Areas. Therefore, it is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The distribution of this species in the eastern Pacific extends from central California to Peru (at least to Callao), including the Gulf of California (Watson and Sandknop 1996).
Countries:
Native:
Chile; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; United States
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No population data is available for this species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This is a schooling species found in coastal waters to 10 m. It forms dense schools along shores and estuarine areas with salinities slightly lower than that of fully marine waters. This species feeds on planktonic crustaceans (Whitehead and Rodríguez-Sánchez 1995). It is oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Watson and Sandknop 1996).
Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is sometimes caught and used as bait.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats for this species. This species is important for subsistence fisheries and is utilized as bait (Whitehead and Rodríguez-Sánchez 1995).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species' distribution includes a number of Marine Protected Areas in the tropical eastern Pacific region.

Citation: Iwamoto, T., Eschmeyer, W. & Smith-Vaniz, B. 2010. Harengula thrissina. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 27 August 2014.
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