|Scientific Name:||Chromis atrilobata|
|Species Authority:||Gill, 1862|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Allen, G., Robertson, R., Rivera, R.,Edgar, G., Merlen, G., Zapata, F. & Barraza, E.|
|Reviewer/s:||Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)|
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific, and is common in many parts of its range. There are no major threats for this species, and no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from central Baja California and the Gulf of California to northern Peru, including the Revillagigedo, Cocos, Malpelo and Galapagos Islands.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is considered common or abundant in many parts of its range.
This species was studied in different sites at Galapagos archipelago, with an overall mean abundance of 5.19 ind./500 m2 (Edgar et al. 2004). This fish was studied in Gulf of Papagayo, Costa Rica (Dominici-Arosemena et al. 2005) with a density of 0.68±1.21 ind./ m2. At Gulf Dulce, still in Costa Rica, it had a density of 0.119±0.316 ind./ m2 and a relative abundance of 3.208% (Figueroa, 2001). Within a five-site-study survey, at Catalinas Islands, this fish could be observed in all sites, being the most abundant species; it had 1169 overall observations (Espinoza and Salas, 2005). According to Aburto-Oropeza and Balart (2001), C. atrilobata is a the most dominant species at Los Islotes, Gulf of California and accounted more than 1% of total abundance, with an occurrence frequency higher than 80%. In Cabo Pulmo, Mexico, this fish was considered abundant, more than 5% of the overall abundance registered - with a relative frequency between 25-50% (Villarreal-Cavazos et al. 2000). A survey at Gorgona Island coral reefs, Colombia (Rubio, 1986), showed that this fish seems to be abundant in coralline, sandy bottoms and tide-pools while occasional in rocky bottoms. Zapata and Morales (1997), also in the same place, recorded a density of 51.724±100.536 ind./10 m2, the most abundant species, with an observational frequency of 84.9%.
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species inhabits coral or rocky reefs (Allen, 1991) to depths of 80m. At Gulf of Chiriqui, Panamá, this fish could be found in all sites studied over different types of substrata (Dominici-Arosemena and Wolff, 2006). It aggregates in large numbers in open water above reefs and feeds on zooplankton.|
There are no major threats known for this species. Populations studied in the Galapagos declined by more than one order of magnitude during the one year period commencing at the start of the 1997/98 El Niño events, but populations had recovered by 2000. No equivalent population changes were observed at Gorgona during the same period (Fernando Zapata, pers obs).
According to Dominici-Arosemena et al. (2005), this is a important aquarium fish in Gulf of Papagayo, Costa Rica, however this probably has an insignificant effect on the population.
|Conservation Actions:||There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006).|
|Citation:||Allen, G., Robertson, R., Rivera, R.,Edgar, G., Merlen, G., Zapata, F. & Barraza, E. 2010. Chromis atrilobata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 07 March 2014.|
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