Scartichthys gigas


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Scartichthys gigas
Species Authority: (Steindachner, 1876)
Common Name(s):
English Giant blenny
Spanish Borracho, Borracho gigante
Ophioblennius mazorkae Hildebrand, 1946
Ophioblennius xiphiodon Clark, 1938
Salarias eques Steindachner, 1898
Salarias gigas Steindachner, 1876
Scartichthys xiphiodon Clark, 1938

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2007-05-25
Assessor(s): Bessudo, S., Dominici-Arosemena, A., Espinosa, H. & Hastings, P.
Reviewer(s): Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)
This species is widespread in the Eastern Pacific. There are no known major threats to this species, and no current indication of population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is found from southern Panama (Hastings, 1995) to southern Chile (Williams, 1990). However, the northern limit of distribution is unclear.
Chile; Colombia; Ecuador; Panama; Peru
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no population information available for this species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This demersal, shallow-water species that inhabits rocky coasts (Hastings, 1995).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known for this species. In some areas, this species is sometimes used to prepare a soup called 'borracho' which evokes slight intoxication and tiredness of short duration (Hastings, 1995).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, this species distribution falls partially into a number of Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern Pacific region (WDPA 2006).

Citation: Bessudo, S., Dominici-Arosemena, A., Espinosa, H. & Hastings, P. 2010. Scartichthys gigas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 28 March 2015.
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