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Cottoclinus canops

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES LABRISOMIDAE

Scientific Name: Cottoclinus canops
Species Authority: McCosker, Stephens & Rosenblatt, 2003
Taxonomic Notes: This is a recently described species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2007-05-25
Assessor(s): Hastings, P. & McCosker, J.
Reviewer(s): Carpenter, K., Polidoro, B. & Livingstone, S. (Global Marine Species Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species is known only from two specimens collected four decades ago. There is no information available on the population status of the species, its habitat preferences or major threats. The species is a priority for further survey work, especially given the potential threats to this species from ENSO/climate change events within its potentially restricted distribution and shallow-water tidepool habitat. It is listed as Data Deficient.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Eastern Pacific, and is known only from Isla Española in the Galapagos Islands (McCosker et al. 2003).
Countries:
Native:
Ecuador
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Pacific – southeast
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is known only from two specimens collected in 1964. In January 2002, a collecting trip surveyed tidepools contiguous with the type locality. Although the original pool sampled in 1962 could not be accessed, surveyors were able to sample two pools within a kilometer of that site, and both pools were devoid of large fish (McCosker et al. 2003).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The habitat of this species is unknown, but the original specimens were collected from a tidepool.
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is unknown whether there are any major threats to this species. Recent El Niño events (1982-1983 and 1997-1998) had strong effects on tidepool and shallow subtidal species at the Galápagos. For example, the abundant shallow-water chaenopsid, Acanthemblemaria castroi, had largely disappeared following the most recent El Niño. McCosker et al. (2003) considered the possibility that Cottoclinus canops might be a naturally-occurring casualty of a recent El Niño event.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no known conservation measures for this species. However, its likely distribution falls within the Galápagos Islands National Park and UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Citation: Hastings, P. & McCosker, J. 2010. Cottoclinus canops. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.
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