Protopterus annectens ssp. brieni 

Scope: Eastern Africa
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Sarcopterygii Lepidosireniformes Protopteridae

Scientific Name: Protopterus annectens ssp. brieni Poll, 1961
Parent Species:
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Southern Lungfish, Lungfish
Protopterus rhinocryptis Gray, 1850

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 (Regional assessment) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2003-11-26
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Vreven, E. & Kazembe, J
Reviewer(s): Snoeks, J. & Darwall, W. (IUCN Freshwater Unit)
Eastern Africa assessment: It has a limited distribution within the region where it only occurs in Malawi in the Lower Shire (other sub-populations are introduced). The Lower Shire is considered as one location. Due to its restricted distribution and known threats, it is listed as Vulnerable in the region.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Eastern Africa distribution: Lower Shire River, and Monkey Bay in Lake Malawi (Lake Malawi catchment). Introduced to the Mpasanjoka dambo (Salima).
Global distribution: South Africa, DCR, Zambia.
Countries occurrence:
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Limited information but reported to be uncommon throughout its range (Bell-Cross and Minshull 1988).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Most common in marshy areas where it feeds on snails, insects, worms, fish and amphibians. It constructs a nest for breeding - this can be a u-shaped tunnel or a simple excavation. Males guard the nest with eggs and young (Skelton 1993). It uses a lung for breathing air so can live in poorly oxygenated waters. When water levels start to drop, it forms a burrow in the soft bottom sediments and secretes a mucous cocoon. The fish becomes dormant, breathing through a small opening (Skelton 1993). This species is seldom eaten by people and is of no commercial importance in the Lower Shire (Tweddle and Willoughby 1979).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is harvested for human consumption.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Overfishing.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available..

Citation: Vreven, E. & Kazembe, J. 2010. Protopterus annectens ssp. brieni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T183101A8033204. . Downloaded on 24 May 2018.
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