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Hemichromis fasciatus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES CICHLIDAE

Scientific Name: Hemichromis fasciatus
Species Authority: Peters, 1857
Common Name/s:
English Banded Jewelfish, Cichlid, Jewel Fish
French Hemichromis, Perche Africane
Synonym/s:
Hemichromis elongatus (non Guichenot, 1861)
Hemichromis frempongi Loiselle, 1979
Hemichromis leiguardii Capello, 1872 (voir Loiselle, 1979)
?Hemichromis desguezu Rochebrune, 1880 (voir Loiselle, 1979)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor/s: Azeroual, A., Bousso, T., Getahun, A. & Lalèyè, P.
Reviewer/s: Snoeks, J., Tweddle, D., Getahun, A., Lalèyè, P., Paugy, D., Zaiss, R., Fishar, M.R.A & Brooks, E.
Justification:
This species has a wide distribution, with no known major widespread threats. It is therefore listed as Least Concern. It has also been assessed regionally as Least Concern for western Africa. The north and northeastern regional assessments are currently Data Deficient.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is recorded from Mauritania to Ethiopia.

Northern Africa: The species is recorded from Mauritania. It is rare in Egypt (Manzalah Lake).

Northeastern Africa: It is recorded in the Ghazal and Jebel systems, including Lake No, Sudan, and Baro River, Ethiopia

Western Africa: The species is known across the majority of the basins in Western Africa.
Countries:
Native:
Angola (Angola); Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Mauritania; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Sudan; Togo; Zambia; Zimbabwe
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Atlantic – eastern central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This is a locally declining species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits permanent floodplain lagoons with clear water, occasionally on rocky streams, occasionally in standing deep water, common in shallow swamps. According to Pouilly (1993), Hemichromis fasciatus is found in rivers that have low speed of current, a strong height of water, a formed substrate of blocks and a few plant. According to Albaret (1982), the species is monogamist keeping and protecting eggs and alevins but not practising oral incubation. According to Daget (1965), the eggs are fixed on an immersed support, in a clean place, with the shelter of the current, a depth from 10 to 20 cm. The reproduction of the species seems spread out throughout the year (from April at November in Bandama), with the proportion of mature individuals constantly remaining relatively low and the RGS small. Up to 20 mm length, the alevins nourish phytoplankton. From 20 with 45mm, they preferably seek shellfish and insects. From 50 mm, the young attacks only large preys; they devour all the young fish which pass to their carried. So H. fasciatus is used in pisciculture to limit the proliferation of the species to laying many and invading such as H. niloticus. Used for tilapia control.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Overfishing, loss of dry season refuges and rapids habitat due to development and dams all threaten populations of this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available.
Citation: Azeroual, A., Bousso, T., Getahun, A. & Lalèyè, P. 2010. Hemichromis fasciatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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