|Scientific Name:||Ormocarpum schliebenii Harms|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority|
|Reviewer(s):||von Staden, L., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Maunder, M.|
Endemic to the Rovuma Centre of Endemism (the extent of occurrence is currently 22,635 km2) and recorded from 12 locations. It is losing habitat in southern Tanzania and parts of northern Mozambique to clearance for crop cultivation. Future roads and agricultural expansion are likely to cause further loss. This taxon therefore qualifies as Near Threatened as it almost qualifies for listing as threatened under criterion B1ab(iii).
|Range Description:||Recorded from southern Tanzania from Lindi District and extending southwards into northern Mozambique through Cabo Delgado Province to Memba in Nampula Province. The southernmost record from around Memba was collected in 1948 and this area has since been extensively cultivated. The current range is suspected to only be as far south as Mecufi.|
Native:Mozambique; Tanzania, United Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Recent collections indicate that this taxon is not common, occurring as sporadic individuals.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
A small tree to 3 m found in coastal dry forest and woodland, also in riverine woodland and coastal thicket on raised coral reefs. It can survive in degraded coastal dry forest. Occurs from sea level up to 100 m asl.
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Use and Trade:||It is not known if it is used. Not traded.|
|Major Threat(s):||Agricultural expansion is the main threat and there is a large Jatropha plantation in one of the areas where it is found in Tanzania. In Mozambique, populations in Cabo Delgado appear to be able to survive moderate disturbance. However, further south in Nampula, land transformation for agriculture is suspected to have resulted in loss of subpopulations. In addition, two of the locations, Namacubi Forest and the Muacamula valley, are threatened by a proposed new coastal road.|
Occurs within the Quirimbas National Park in Cabo Delgado, but is not protected elsewhere.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC East African Plants Red List Authority. 2014. Ormocarpum schliebenii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T179265A1573139.Downloaded on 17 August 2018.|
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