||Trimeresurus gramineus (Shaw, 1802)
||Common Bamboo Viper
Coluber graminaeus Shaw, 1802 [original spelling later emmended]
Craspedocephalus gramineus (Shaw, 1802)
Lachesis graminaeus (Shaw, 1802)
Trimeresurus elegans Gray, 1853
Trimeresurus occidentalis Pope & Pope, 1933
||Coluber gramineus has long been considered the type species of the taxonomically complex genus Trimeresurus (David et al. 2011), as the original type species T. viridis has long been considered a synonym. Investigation of this assignment by David et al. (2011) indicated that this was incorrect and that T. viridis (a combination that hasn't been used to describe a valid species since its original description in 1861), is instead a junior synonym of the Timorese species T. insularis. This recognition alters the generic identity of several taxa within the Trimeresurus genus complex, including T. gramineus, and David et al. (2011) therefore assign T. gramineus to Craspedocephalus (treated by these authors as a subgenus but more commonly as a full genus). This taxonomy does not, to date, appear to have gained broad acceptance, and this account retains T. gramineus within Trimeresurus.
|Red List Category & Criteria:
||Srinivasulu, C., Srinivasulu, B., Deepak, V., Achyuthan, N.S., Das, A. & Kulkarni, N.U.
||Penner, J., Bowles, P., Vyas, R., Thakur, S. & Molur, S.
||Papenfuss, T., Khan, M.S., De Silva, R., Milligan, H.T., Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large overall population, and because it is unlikely to be declining.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
- 2010 – Data Deficient (DD)
|Range Description:||Trimeresurus gramineus is endemic to India, where it is known from the peninsular region; it is recorded in the Western Ghats from Dangs of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, and also in the Eastern Ghats including Shevaroy, Javadi, Seshachalam and Nallamala Hills (Whitaker and Captain 2004, Srinivasulu et al. 2006, Srinivasulu and Das 2008). This species has also been reported from Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh (Srinivasulu 2003) and from Amravathi district, Maharashtra (Nande and Deshmukh 2007). It has been recorded from Achanakmar Tiger Reserve, Chattisgarh. It has been recorded from Orissa as the northernmost record. Historically, this species has also been reported from Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh (D'Abreu 1928). It has been recorded from sea level to 1,400 m asl.|
India (Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu)
|♦ Upper elevation limit (metres):||1400|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|