|Scientific Name:||Sphaeranthus africanus|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Narasimhan, D., Ravikumar, K. & Juffe Bignoli, D.|
Sphaeranthus africanus is distributed in tropical Africa and Asia through Malaysia to Australia. It also grows abundantly in the rice field and considered as a weed. There are no known threats to this plant and it is categorized as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Sphaeranthus africanus is distributed in Madagascar, and Asia through Malaysia to Australia. It is also reported from tropical Africa.|
Native:Angola (Angola); Australia; Bangladesh; Benin; Botswana; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; India (Andaman Is., Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Indonesia (Jawa); Kenya; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nigeria; Philippines; Rwanda; Sierra Leone; South Africa; South Sudan; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Viet Nam; Zimbabwe
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is considered as a weed in the rice fields.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Sphaeranthus africanus is an annual. It is found in wet places, swamps, often in brackish water, sometimes temporarily submerged. It also grows in the rice field and considered as a weed.|
|Use and Trade:||
The whole plant is used in ayurvedic treatment of pitta epilepsy, migraine, jaundice, fever, cough, hemorrhoids, helminthiasis, skin diseases and as nervine tonic.
|Major Threat(s):||There are no known threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||Conservation measures are not known, but this species is a weed.|
|Citation:||Rehel, S. 2013. Sphaeranthus africanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 October 2014.|
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