Sphaeranthus africanus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Asterales Compositae

Scientific Name: Sphaeranthus africanus
Species Authority: L.
Common Name(s):
English East Indian Globe Thistle

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-09-03
Assessor(s): Rehel, S.
Reviewer(s): Narasimhan, D., Ravikumar, K. & Juffe Bignoli, D.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
Sphaeranthus africanus is distributed in  tropical Africa and Asia through Malaysia to Australia. It also grows abundantly in the rice field and considered as a weed. There are no known threats to this plant and it is categorized as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Sphaeranthus africanus is distributed in Madagascar, and Asia through Malaysia to Australia. It is also reported from tropical Africa.
Countries occurrence:
Angola (Angola); Australia; Bangladesh; Benin; Botswana; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; India (Andaman Is., Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Indonesia (Jawa); Kenya; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; Nigeria; Philippines; Rwanda; Sierra Leone; South Africa; South Sudan; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Viet Nam; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is considered as a weed in the rice fields.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Sphaeranthus africanus is an annual. It is found in wet places, swamps, often in brackish water, sometimes temporarily submerged. It also grows in the rice field and considered as a weed.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: No

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: The whole plant is used in ayurvedic treatment of pitta epilepsy, migraine, jaundice, fever, cough, hemorrhoids, helminthiasis, skin diseases and as nervine tonic.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation measures are not known, but this species is a weed.

Citation: Rehel, S. 2013. Sphaeranthus africanus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T176878A7323007. . Downloaded on 02 December 2015.
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