Parahydrophis mertoni 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Elapidae

Scientific Name: Parahydrophis mertoni (Roux, 1910)
Common Name(s):
English Arafura Smooth Sea Snake, Northern Mangrove Sea Snake
Distira mertoni Roux, 1910

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-02-15
Assessor(s): Guinea, M., Lukoschek, V., Milton, D. & Courtney, T.
Reviewer(s): Livingstone, S.R., Elfes, C.T., Polidoro, B.A. & Carpenter, K.E. (Global Marine Species Assessment Coordinating Team)
This species has a small range in northern Australia and there is very little information on the population status. There are no known threats, however, there may be localized declines due to coastal development. This species is listed as Data Deficient. More research is needed to determine population trends.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This is a coastal mangrove or saltmarsh species found along the north coast of Australia and at Aru Island, and possibly also in coastal habitats of southern Papua New Guinea and Indonesia (West Papua) (Cogger 1975).
Countries occurrence:
Australia; Indonesia; Papua New Guinea
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – western central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):10
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is rarely encountered as it lives in remote areas of Australia and Papua New Guinea. There is no information on population status.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in coastal and estuarine mangroves and mudflats (Heatwole 1999).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known major threats to this species. Habitat degradation from coastal development may pose a localized threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures for this species.

No sea snake species is currently listed by CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).

Citation: Guinea, M., Lukoschek, V., Milton, D. & Courtney, T. 2010. Parahydrophis mertoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T176772A7301678. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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