|Scientific Name:||Hydrelaps darwiniensis|
|Species Authority:||Boulenger, 1896|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Guinea, M., Lukoschek, V., Sanders, K., Milton, D. & Lobo, A.|
|Reviewer/s:||Livingstone, S.R., Elfes, C.T., Polidoro, B.A. & Carpenter, K.E. (Global Marine Species Assessment Coordinating Team)|
This species is relatively widespread along the northern coast of Australia and on the southern coast of New Guinea. There is no information on the population status, however, there is no evidence of major threats. It is a mangrove-associated species, and is able to live in areas inhabited by humans. This species is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species occurs across the northern part of Australia from Broome in the west to the northeast side of the Gulf of Carpentaria in the east, and in southern Papua Guinea.|
Native:Australia; Indonesia; Papua New Guinea
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is quite a common species in Broome (Sweet 1989). There is no information on population trends (M. Guinea pers. comm. 2009).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs in mangrove mudflats (Guinea et al. 1993). It has been seen crawling on consolidated mud out of water into a nearby crab burrow to forage (Guinea et al. 1993). It is preyed on by sharks (Lyle and Timms 1987). Can live in coastal areas disturbed by human development.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no known major threats to this species, but development to associated habitat such as mangrove forests may be a concern.|
No sea snake species is currently listed by CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).
Sea snakes are protected in Australia since their addition to the "Listed Marine Species" by the Department of Environment and Water Resources in 2000. They are protected in Australia under the Environment Protection Biodiversity and Conservation Act 1999.
Conservation of mangrove areas is important for protection of this species.
|Citation:||Guinea, M., Lukoschek, V., Sanders, K., Milton, D. & Lobo, A. 2010. Hydrelaps darwiniensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.|
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