|Scientific Name:||Hydrophis belcheri|
|Species Authority:||(Gray, 1849)|
Aturia belcheri Gray, 1849
Chitulia belcheri (Gray, 1849)
Distira belcheri (Gray, 1849)
|Taxonomic Notes:||Many earlier references to this species (including all records from Australian waters) are based on the misidentification of a species previously known as H. melanocephalus. Has also been treated under the genus Chitulia.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Rasmussen, A. & Sanders, K.|
|Reviewer(s):||Livingstone, S.R., Elfes, C.T., Polidoro, B.A. & Carpenter, K.E. (Global Marine Species Assessment Coordinating Team)|
Very little is known about this species and there are uncertainties regarding its taxonomy and distribution. It is therefore listed as Data Deficient.
|Range Description:||There are verified records of this species from Viet Nam, Thailand (McCarthy and Warrell 1991, Kharin 2005), New Guinea and the Java Sea (Kharin 2005). It is also recorded from Philippines (Gigante and Bohol Islands) in 9-15 m channels between reefs (Smith 1926, Dunson and Minton 1978, Punay 1975).
Native:Cambodia; Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – western central
|Lower depth limit (metres):||15|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is considered to be very rare (Kharin 2005). It is known from 20 specimens from Viet Nam (A. Rasmussen pers. comm.) and 10-20 specimens from the Gulf of Thailand. Also known from one specimen collected by fishermen in South Sulawesi, Indonesia (K. Sanders and Mumpuni pers. comm. 2010).|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||No information is available about this species' habitat. It is taken by trawlers and therefore likely to occur over soft bottoms.
This species eats fish (McCarthy and Warrell 1991).
|Use and Trade:||There are records of this species being used for skins in Viet Nam and Thailand in 1991 (A. Rasmussen pers. comm. 2009).|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no known major threats to this species. It may be taken as bycatch in trawls.|
|Conservation Actions:||No sea snake species is currently listed by CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).|
|Citation:||Rasmussen, A. & Sanders, K. 2010. Hydrophis belcheri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T176751A7297371. . Downloaded on 27 June 2016.|
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