|Scientific Name:||Asparagus littoralis|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Asparagus litoralis Steven is a wild relative of asparagus, A. officinalis L. Yena (1999) excluded Asparagus litoralis from the list of endemic species of Crimea and regarded its populations on the Crimean peninsula as A. officinalis L.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Kell, S.P. & Melnyk, V.|
|Reviewer(s):||Maxted, N. & Nieto, A.|
|Contributor(s):||Hargreaves , S.|
European regional assessment: Data Deficient (DD)
EU 27 regional assessment: Not evaluated (NE)
Asparagus littoralis is assessed as Data Deficient as there is currently insufficient information available to evaluate this species. It has been included in the Red Data Book of Crimea which is in preparation but further information about its threat status as recorded in this publication has not been forthcoming. It is recommended that the assessor of this species is contacted and a re-evaluation carried out for publication in the European Red List and IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
It does not occur within the EU 27 level.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Ukraine (USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program 2010) where it occurs on the western and southern coast of Crimea.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
The subpopulations are restricted in size, isolated, and comprise a small number of individuals (Golubev 1996).
|Habitat and Ecology:||It grows in coastal, rocky areas (Tutin et al. 1980) and beside saline lakes.|
|Use and Trade:||A. littoralis is a wild relative of and potential gene donor to asparagus, A. officinalis.|
The main threats are tourism and recreation in the littoral zone of the southern slopes of the Crimean Mountains.
The genus Asparagus is listed in Annex I of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
A. littoralis is not included in Red Data Book of Ukraine but is included in the Red Data Book of Crimea which is in preparation.
Protection and conservation management of all subpopulations is needed.
No germplasm accessions of A. littoralis are reported by EURISCO to be held in European genebanks (EURISCO Catalogue 2010). A review of the ex situ conservation status of this species is required and germplasm collection and duplicated ex situ storage should be carried out as necessary.
|Citation:||Kell, S.P. & Melnyk, V. 2013. Asparagus littoralis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 March 2015.|
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