Map_thumbnail_large_font

Plethodon nettingi

Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_onStatus_vu_offStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA CAUDATA PLETHODONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Plethodon nettingi
Species Authority: Green, 1938
Common Name/s:
English Cheat Mountain Salamander
Taxonomic Notes: Plethodon hubrichti and P. shenandoah formerly were included in this species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor/s: Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because, although its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, it occurs in a habitat that is not under significant threat, and so it is probably not in decline.
History:
1996 Vulnerable (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Indeterminate (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Insufficiently Known (IUCN 1990)
1988 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in the Allegheny Mountains from Cheat Mountain north to Back Allegheny and Cabin mountains, in Grant, Tucker, Randolph, Pocahontas, and Pendleton Counties, West Virginia, USA, generally from 908-1,463m asl (Pauley 1993), although one population extends to below 730m asl. Much of the remaining habitat is within Monongahela National Forest (Green and Pauley 1987).
Countries:
Native:
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Approximately seventy occurrences are known (Pauley 1993; Petranka 1998), but these appear to be very small fragments of once larger populations. Recent surveys yielded some new localities, but the species was absent at some historical sites (USFWS 1990a). There is less than 10,000 acres of known occupied habitat. Populations generally are small (only a few include over a thousand individuals), and the US Fish and Widlife Service (USFWS 1990a) categorized its status as "stable".
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species can be found primarily in red spruce, yellow birch or spruce-dominated forests, and has been occasionally collected in mixed deciduous hardwood forests (Brooks 1945, 1948; Clovis 1979; Green and Pauley 1987). Bryophytes and downed logs are usually common in its habitat, and it occurs under rocks and in or under logs during the day, and sometimes among wet leaves. It is active on the forest floor at night and may climb lower portions of tree trunks (Brooks 1945, 1948; Green and Pauley 1987). Eggs have been found in and under rotting logs, and under rocks (Brooks 1948; Green and Pauley 1987), where they develop directly without a larval stage.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is habitat loss and degradation due to logging, mining, recreational development, and road construction. Competition with Plethodon cinereous might also be a limiting factor. However, these threats are all minimal and the population is probably stable.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in two national forest wilderness areas and several proposed research natural areas, and also in about 50 United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service sites, but these are not well protected. Monongahela National Forest has a management plan for this species (Bury, Dodd and Fellers 1980). An additional beneficial conservation measure would be the establishment of forested corridors between existing populations.
Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Plethodon nettingi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided