Mniarogekko chahoua 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Diplodactylidae

Scientific Name: Mniarogekko chahoua (Bavay, 1869)
Common Name(s):
English Bavay's Giant Gecko, Mossy Prehensile-tailed Gecko, Short-snouted Giant Gecko
French Gecko géant à nez court
Platydactylus chahoua Bavay, 1869
Rhacodactylus chahoua (Bavay, 1869)
Taxonomic Notes:

A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the New Caledonia giant geckos has revealed that Rhacodactylus is not monophyletic (Bauer et al. 2012). The results show that R. chahoua forms a distinct clade separate from Rhacodactylus sensu stricto and hence a new genus, Mniarogekko has been created to accommodate R. chahoua. Genetic data shows that the subpopulations in northern Grande Terre and on the Iles Belep are highly distinct and are hence described as M. jalu (Bauer et al. 2012). However, at the time when M. [Rhacodactylus] chahoua was assessed for the IUCN Red List, the northern subpopulations were included under a broader concept of the species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii)+2ab(i,ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2018
Date Assessed: 2010-08-25
Assessor(s): Whitaker, A.H. & Sadlier, R.A.
Reviewer(s): Tognelli, M.F. & Cox, N.A.
This species is listed as Vulnerable because it has a restricted and severely fragmented distribution and there is continuing decline in its extent of occurrence, area of occupancy and extent and quality of its habitat due to a variety of threats.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is endemic to New Caledonia. It occurs in Grande Terre, Iles Belep (Ile Art only) and Ile des Pins. Very few widely scattered localities are known and at many of these the continued occurrence of this species is uncertain. It occurs at elevations of up to 500 m. The extent of occurrence is approximately 16,600 km², and the area of occupancy is estimated to be < 1,000 km².

[Extent of occurrence was based on a crude measure of overall length times width of the most distant known locations (a rough measure of the line around the points), except for very widespread species where the published areas of the islands were taken.  Area of occupancy is a contraction of that rough estimate for extent of occurrence based on where habitat remains.]
Countries occurrence:
New Caledonia
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:999Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO):Yes
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:16600
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):Yes
Upper elevation limit (metres):500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There are no quantitative data on population size or trends. It is presumed to have suffered a substantial past reduction in population size and extent through habitat loss, mainly associated with logging and the clearance of lowland forests for agriculture. This species remains relatively common at a few sites but at others there are clear indications that the populations are declining, e.g. on Dôme de Tiébaghi closed forest habitat occupied by Mniarogecko chahoua is being lost to expansion of the nickel mine and degraded by mining activities.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species inhabits gallery and closed forests. It is nocturnal and arboreal. It shelters by day in tree crevices and holes and forages at night in the canopy.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The primary threat to this species is the continued loss or degradation of forest habitat. This is a particular risk near settlements and along river valleys where agricultural activities are intensifying, and on Ile des Pins where there is the additional effect of increased tourism. Mining is a much lesser risk to Mniarogecko chahoua than other lizard species as only a very small proportion of its known occurrence (two locations: le Art and Dôme de Tiébaghi) is on the ultramafic surface where nickel occurs. Other threats to this species include habitat loss or degradation from wildfires (particularly Iles Belep) and the effects of introduced ungulates (deer and pigs). Predation by introduced mammals is a constant threat, especially rats as they are abundant in lowland forest habitats and capable of foraging in the canopy. It is expected that the introduced ant, Wasmannia auropunctata, will be a substantial threat as it is known to have a detrimental impact on lizard populations (Jourdan et al. 2000, 2001). Illegal collection and trafficking of M. chahoua is a risk at accessible locations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is protected in Province Nord under Code de l'environnement de la Province Nord (Délibération No. 306-2008/APN, 24 October 2008) and in Province Sud under Code de l'environnement de la Province Sud (Délibération No. 25-2009/APS, 20 March 2009). One location at which Mniarogecko chahoua occurs (Rivière Nehoué) is administered as a recreation reserve but it receives high human use and it is not known to occur in any other protected areas. No species-specific conservation management is currently being undertaken.

Amended [top]

Amended reason: This amended assessment has been generated to place the species under the new genus Mniarogekko and to update the names in the text and range map accordingly. The coded threats for the named invasive species have also been updated to correctly reflect the names of the taxa concerned.

Citation: Whitaker, A.H. & Sadlier, R.A. 2018. Mniarogekko chahoua (amended version of 2011 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T176181A123709663. . Downloaded on 23 September 2018.
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