|Scientific Name:||Cephalanthera rubra (L.) Rich.|
Cephalanthera comosa Tineo
Cymbidium rubrum Sw.
Dorycheile rubra Fuss
Epipactis purpurea Crantz
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Fay, M. & Bilz, M.|
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
EU 27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Cephalanthera rubra is widespread and often abundant but becomes very rare and local in the margins of its distribution. The distribution of the species appears in small isolated populations and many populations that are severely fragmented. Many populations have been lost and declined through inappropriate site management, lack of pollination, forest fires, deforestation for building and construction work purposes as well as plant collection. However, the species occurs in numerous European countries and is not threatened in a few of them. Therefore, the risk of extinction at European level is low and Cephalanthera rubra is assessed as Least Concern.
Cephalanthera rubra is found throughout temperate
Native:Albania; Austria; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Germany; Greece (Greece (mainland), Kriti); Hungary; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Norway; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Romania; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, East European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia); Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Baleares, Spain (mainland)); Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey (Turkey-in-Europe); Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Kingdom
Cephalanthera rubra is widespread and often abundant but becomes very rare and local in the margins of its distribution. The populations are severely fragmented. The trend of the population is suspectected to be declining and many sites have been lost (Newman et al. 2007, Lang 2004, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Delforge 1995, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008). In addition, populations may be genetically depauperate as this species can form clonal populations (Micheneau et al. 2010).
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
Cephalanthera rubra is typically found in scrubby grassland, woodland margins, warmer calcareous beech and oak woods. It grows in calcareous to slightly acid soils in shade to semi-shade (Newman et al. 2007, Lang 2004, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Delforge 1995, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
|Use and Trade:||There is no information available regarding the collection and trade of this species.|
Cephalanthera rubra is especially threatened due to habitat loss and lack of woodland management, neglect leading to problems of excessive shading or too much light, and poor seed-set caused presumably by a lack of suitable pollinating insects, but also perhaps due to the purported intrinsic partial fertility of the species. Further threats are posed by forest fires, deforestation for building and construction work purposes as well as plant collection (Newman et al. 2007, Lang 2004, Harrap and Harrap 2009, Delforge 1995, Vakhrameeva et al. 2008).
All orchid species are included under Annex B of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). This species is listed on various national red lists with varying degrees of threat:
Cephalanthera rubra can be protected by;
|Citation:||Rankou, H. 2011. Cephalanthera rubra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T176009A7170277.Downloaded on 17 July 2018.|
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