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Pithecheir melanurus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA MURIDAE

Scientific Name: Pithecheir melanurus
Species Authority: Lesson, 1840
Common Name(s):
English Javan Pithecheir, Red Tree Rat
Taxonomic Notes: Represented by few specimens collected before World War II. Bartels’ (1937) observations on habitat and habits remain the most complete report of this Javan endemic, which is a member of the suite of murine rodents unique to Java (Musser 1986).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B2ab(ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Aplin, K., Helgen, K., Lunde, D. & Ruedas, L.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable because its area of occupancy is presumably much less than 2,000 km2 (an upper estimate of available habitat), its distribution is believed to be severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its lowland forest habitat. Further urgently needed surveys may reveal this species to be more severely threatened, and it may possibly qualify for a higher threat category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This poorly known species has only been recorded from western Java, Indonesia (Musser and Carleton 2005). It possibly occurs from lowland areas up to 1,200 m.
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia (Jawa)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is known from only a few specimens collected before World War II (Musser and Carleton 2005).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: There is very little is known about the habitat and ecology of this species. It is presumed to be a lowland tropical forest species.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are not well known. It is probably threatened by the ongoing loss of lowland forest habitat from Java.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Further surveys are needed to determine if this species is still extant.

Citation: Aplin, K., Helgen, K., Lunde, D. & Ruedas, L. 2008. Pithecheir melanurus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 November 2014.
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