Pipistrellus ceylonicus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Vespertilionidae

Scientific Name: Pipistrellus ceylonicus (Kelaart, 1852)
Common Name(s):
English Kelaart's Pipistrelle
Pipistrellus ceylonicus (Wroughton, 1899) ssp. chrysothrix
Pipistrellus ceylonicus Thomas, 1915 ssp. subcanus
Pipistrellus chrysothrix Wroughton, 1899
Scotophilus ceylonicus Kelaart, 1852
Vesperugo indicus Dobson, 1878
Taxonomic Notes: This taxon belongs to the ceylonicus subgroup of pipistrellus species group. Although, the taxon subcanus Thomas, 1915 is recognized as valid subspecies (Simmons 2005), we follow Lal (1984) who reviewed the Indian forms of ceylonicus Kelaart, 1852 in retaining single subspecies from the mainland (Srinivasulu et al. in press).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Bates, P., Hutson, A.M., Schlitter, D., Molur, S. & Srinivasulu, C.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, it occurs in a number of protected areas, has a tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is largely distributed in South Asia, with additional populations recorded in China and Southeast Asia. In South Asia it is presently known from Bangladesh (no exact location), India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal), Pakistan (Punjab and Sind) and Sri Lanka (Central, Eastern, Uva and Western provinces) (Das 2003; Khan 2001; Korad et al. 2007; Molur et al. 2002; Vanitharani 2006). It has been recorded from sea level to an elevation of 2,153 m asl (Molur et al. 2002). In China, it has been recorded from south Guangxi and Hainan Island (Smith and Xie 2008). In Southeast Asia, there are reports of this species from northern Myanmar, northern Viet Nam, and Sabah (Malaysia) on the island of Borneo (at 1,300 m asl).
Countries occurrence:
Bangladesh; China (Hainan); India; Indonesia (Kalimantan); Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak); Myanmar; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Viet Nam
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:>2,000
Upper elevation limit (metres):2153
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a widely distributed and a common species and its population seems to be doing well over its range (Molur et al. 2002).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species can be found in varied habitats from arid regions to humid montane forests. It roosts in human habitations in both rural and urban areas, in old dilapidated buildings, crevices and cracks in walls, tree hollows, holes in trees, caves, wells, old temples, under overhanging ledges. It roosts either singly or in colonies of few hundred individuals. It is an early flyer and its flight includes numerous twists and turns and also goes straight and hunts mainly beetles, moths, flies and other insects. Two young are born after a gestation period of 50-55 days (Bates and Harrison 1997).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There appear to be no major threats to this widespread and somewhat adaptable species however, it is locally threatened in some areas by hunting for local consumption and medicinal purposes (Molur et al. 2002).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Although there are no direct conservation measures in place, the species has been recorded from Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh (C. Srinivasulu pers. comm. 6 March 2008) and Agasthiyamalai Biosphere Reserve (Vanitharani 2006). Ecological studies are recommended (Molur et al. 2002).

Citation: Bates, P., Hutson, A.M., Schlitter, D., Molur, S. & Srinivasulu, C. 2008. Pipistrellus ceylonicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T17332A6990031. . Downloaded on 27 May 2018.
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