Pipistrellus kuhlii 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Vespertilionidae

Scientific Name: Pipistrellus kuhlii (Kuhl, 1817)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Kuhl's Pipistrelle
French Pipistrelle de Kuhl
Spanish Murciélagod de Borde Claro
Pipistrellus deserti Thomas, 1902
Taxonomic Source(s): Benda, P., Andriollo, T. and Ruedi, M. 2014. Systematic position and taxonomy of Pipistrellus deserti (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Mammalia 79.
Taxonomic Notes: Simmons (2005) considers sub-Saharan African and Canary Island populations to belong to a different species, P. hesperidus, but the taxonomic validity of this taxon, as well its relation withthe African P. deserti need further research. The species in Yemen requires taxonomic clarification (D. Kock pers. comm. 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-04-25
Assessor(s): Juste, J. & Paunović, M.
Reviewer(s): Piraccini, R.
Contributor(s): Aulagnier, S., Karataş, A. & Palmeirim, J.
The species is widespread and abundant, and populations are increasing in parts of the range. Consequently it is assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Kuhl's Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii) is widespread in Africa, Europe and Asia. It has a large range extending from Iberia through southern Europe through the Near East and the Caucasus to Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and India (Molur 2002). There is a single record from China (Smith et al. 2008). The northern limit of its range in Europe was formerly ca 45°N, but the species has been expanding northwards. It arrived 1994 in Vienna/Austria (48°N), and was more recently recorded to 50°N in France and 51°N in Ukraine. It has been expanding northwards in Russia for the last half century from 46°N to ca 53°N, with the highest record made at almost 57°N (S. Kruskop pers. comm. 2006). Recent records showed a wide distribution of Kuhl's Pipistrelle also in Romania (Barti 2010, Uhrin et al. 2014). Few individuals were found in Czech Republic, where this bat seems to hibernate and breed (Wawrocka et al. 2012). It occurs from sea level to 2,000 m.
Countries occurrence:
Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Angola; Armenia; Austria; Azerbaijan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Egypt; France (Corsica); Georgia; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece (Kriti); Holy See (Vatican City State); Hungary; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Italy (Sardegna, Sicilia); Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kuwait; Lebanon; Libya; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Madagascar; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; San Marino; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is.); Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; Western Sahara; Yemen
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a relatively abundant species in the Mediterranean region and Middle East. Populations in South Asia seem to be stable and doing well (Molur et al. 2002). Summer colonies typically number 30-100 individuals. In Iran and the Caucasus, the species' range is increasing and it is displacing P. pipistrellus (M. Sharifi and K. Tsytsulina pers. comm. 2005). The northern border of the species' range is also expanding. It is very numerous in urban areas across much of its range.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Kuhl's Pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii) forages over a variety of habitats, including agricultural and urban areas (including around street lights). Recent evidence suggests that urbanization may be beneficial to this species, in that colonies in urban and suburban areas advanced parturition and produced more offspring than colonies in rural areas, at least in central Italy (Ancillotto et al. 2015). This bat feeds on small insects, including Diptera, Psocoptera, and Coleoptera. Summer maternity colonies are located in crevices in buildings. Winter sites include rock crevices and cellars, crevices in buildings in the Balkans. In North Africa this species is usually associated with human settlements, it forages in forest as well as semi-desert, and is common in the oases of the northern Sahara.  It is found in temperate grassland and Mediterranean-type shrubland. Kuhl's Pipistrelle is probably a sedentary species (Hutterer et al. 2005).
Generation Length (years):5.2

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats are known. Use of pesticides to eradicate mosquitos (especially in urban areas) may be a threat in places.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is protected by national law in most European range states. It is also protected under international legislation in parts of its range through the Bonn Convention (Eurobats) and Bern Convention, and is included in Annex IV of EU Habitats and Species Directive. It is found in a number of protected areas. No specific conservation actions are known.

Citation: Juste, J. & Paunović, M. 2016. Pipistrellus kuhlii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T17314A22132946. . Downloaded on 22 September 2018.
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