Brookesia betschi 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Chamaeleonidae

Scientific Name: Brookesia betschi Brygoo, Blanc & Domergue, 1974
Common Name(s):
English Marojejy Leaf Chameleon
Taxonomic Notes:

The taxonomy of Brookesia betschi is in need of revision (Glaw and Vences 2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-01-24
Assessor(s): Jenkins, R.K.B., Andreone, F., Andriamazava, A., Anjeriniaina, M., Glaw, F., Rabibisoa, N., Rakotomalala, D., Randrianantoandro, J.C., Randrianiriana, J., Randrianizahana , H., Ratsoavina, F. & Robsomanitrandrasana, E.
Reviewer(s): Bowles, P. & Tolley, K.
Contributor(s): Raselimanana, A.
This species is listed as Near Threatened based on it nearly qualifying for listing as threatened under the B criterion. Specifically, the species has a range of 11,090 km², but although there is currently a continuing decline in the area and quality of habitat within its range, it is not thought to occur as a severely fragmented population.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species is endemic to Madgascar and is restricted to the north of the island in forest between 1,150 and 1,650 m altitude. It is known from Anjanaharibe Sud (Raxworthy et al. 1998), Manongarivo (Rakotomalala 2002), Marojejy (Raselimanana et al. 2000), Tsaratanana (Raxworthy and Nussbaum 1995), and is also found in other forests between these protected areas (Andreone et al. 2000, Rakotomalala and Raselimanana 2003). Its extent of occurrence, based on the combined area of forest blocks where it is known to occur, is estimated to be 11,090 km². This is likely an overestimate since he major forest blocs are isolated from one another by degraded land, and this chameleon has very specific altidudinal and microhabitat requirements and appears intolerant of disturbance (A. Raselimanana pers. comm. July 2011).

Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Continuing decline in extent of occurrence (EOO):YesExtreme fluctuations in extent of occurrence (EOO):No
Number of Locations:5-10Continuing decline in number of locations:Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations:NoLower elevation limit (metres):1150
Upper elevation limit (metres):1650
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


There is no reliable information on the population of this species, but it is apparently not common. Due to the loss of lowland rainforest in northern Madagascar, the population is presumed to be declining; however, the population is not thought to be severely fragmented as, although the forest blocks where it is found are to some degree isolated from one another, each is presumably large enough to sustain viable populations of this small lizard.

Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This species occurs in montane humid forest, and all records to date seem to be from primary or mature secondary forest. It is active on the ground during the day and perches on low vegetation at night. 

Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no international trade in the species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

The main threats to the forests where this species occurs include slash and burn agriculture and timber extraction, although the higher elevation sites are less threatened due to the fact that they are less accessible.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

This species has been found in a number of protected areas: Parc National de Marojejy (Raselimanana et al. 2000), Réserve Spéciale d'Anjanaharibe Sud (Raxworthy et al. 1998), Réserve Spéciale de Manongarivo (Rakotomalala 2002), and Tsaratanana (Raxworthy and Nussbaum 1995). This species is protected in Madagascar, but can be collected with authorization from outside of protected areas. Research is needed into its distribution between known sites, and population trends.

Citation: Jenkins, R.K.B., Andreone, F., Andriamazava, A., Anjeriniaina, M., Glaw, F., Rabibisoa, N., Rakotomalala, D., Randrianantoandro, J.C., Randrianiriana, J., Randrianizahana , H., Ratsoavina, F. & Robsomanitrandrasana, E. 2011. Brookesia betschi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172912A6940501. . Downloaded on 26 May 2018.
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