Puntius vittatus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae

Scientific Name: Puntius vittatus Day, 1865
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2015. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 7 January 2015. Available at: (Accessed: 7 January 2015).
Taxonomic Notes: Puntius vittatus was described by Day (1865) from Kochi, Kerala, India. Wide distribution of this species in India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan suggests that  there is a need to evaluate whether this is a single widely distributed species or a species complex.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-10-11
Assessor(s): Dahanukar, N.
Reviewer(s): Rema Devi, K.R., Gopalakrishnan, A., Arunachalam, M., Shrikant, J., Johnson, J.A., Rahul, K. & Molur, S.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
Puntius vittatus has been assessed as Least Concern as the species has a very wide distribution in India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan with no major threat to the global population of the species although local populations are threatened because of aquarium trade, pollution and habitat alterations. However, it is essential to evaluate whether this is a single species or a species complex.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Puntius vittatus is known from India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan (Jayaram 1991). It is widely distributed in west and east flowing rivers of peninsular India and is known from Kerala (Beevi and Ramachandran 2009, Radhakrishnan and Kurup 2010, Baby et al. 2010), Goa (Tilak 1972), Karnataka (Talwar and Jhingran 1991), Tamil Nadu (Daniels and Rajgopal 2004, Ramanujam and Anbarasan 2009), Maharashtra (Chandanshive et al. 2007), Kutch (Talwar and Jhingran 1991), Bihar (Talwar and Jhingran 1991), Rajasthan (Talwar and Jhingran 1991) and Uttarkhand (Atkore et al. 2011).
Countries occurrence:
India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Pakistan; Sri Lanka
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):800
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Rare in Uttarakhand (V. Atkore per. comm.) and Maharashtra (Jadhav per. comm.). It is however very abundant in almost all rivers of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu (A. Ali and R. Kumar per. comm).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Inhabits ponds, streams, lakes in the plains and is also found in the paddy fields (Menon 1999). Found in shallow waters, with moderate flow and submerged vegetation. They are generally seen at the edges of small pools. It attains a total length of 5 cm (Menon 1999).
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Collected for aquarium trade as well as feed for predatory fishes and ducks. Also used as a food fish during monsoon season in Kerala (K. Krishnakumar pers. comm.). Aquarium trade could be a potential threat for the species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In middle and low land reaches, sand and boulder mining and illegal fishing are the major threats to the species. Aquarium trade is also a potential future threat. It has been suggested that introduced alien fishes could be a threat to this species (Krishnakumar et al. 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No known conservation actions are in place. Captive breeding has been developed since the last century. Habitat restoration should be given priority. Research is needed on exact distribution, population trends, harvest trends, ecology and specific threats to the species.

Citation: Dahanukar, N. 2011. Puntius vittatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172486A6902065. . Downloaded on 18 August 2018.
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