Puntius tambraparniei


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Puntius tambraparniei
Species Authority: Silas, 1954
Common Name(s):
English Tambraparini Barb
Puntius arulius tambraparniei Silas, 1954
Puntius tambraparniei Silas, 1954
Taxonomic Notes: Puntius tambraparniei was described as P. arulius tambraparniei from Tambraparini River, Tamil Nadu by Silas (1953). Pethiyagoda and Kottelat (2005) in their revision of the Puntius filamentosus complex raised it to specific status.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2010-10-11
Assessor(s): Dahanukar, N.
Reviewer(s): Rema Devi, K.R., Gopalakrishnan, A., Arunachalam, M., Shrikant, J., Johnson, J.A., Rahul, K. & Molur, S.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
Puntius tambraparniei is assessed as Endangered as it has a restricted distribution of less then 5000 km2 extent and less than 100km2 area occurring in only 3 to 5 fragmented locations. There are ongoing threats the species including habitat decline due to removal of riparian cover, sand mining and industrial and organic pollution and exploitation for the aquarium trade.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Puntius tambraparniei is endemic to the Western Ghats of India. All the current records of this species (Silas 1954, Pethiyagoda and Kottelat 2005, Johnson and Arunachalam 2009, Devi et al. 2010) are from the upper and middle reaches of Tambraparniei river basin in Tirunelveli District, southern Tamil Nadu.  The range of this species, based on the hydrobasin area, is between 4000-4500 km2, however the area is highly restricted to just 1-2% of the range, of less than 100 km2.
India (Tamil Nadu)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Populations of the species are known to be declining (M. Arunachalam per. comm).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Found in moderate flowing streams and rivers with bed rock and sandy bottom. Attains a total length of 9.2 cm (Menon 1999).
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Collected for the aquarium fish trade and also used as a food fish (R. Kumar per. comm.). Collection of the fish for aquarium trade could be a possible threat to the species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss due to removal of riparian cover, sand mining and industrial and organic pollution are the major threats. Collection for the aquarium trade is also a potential future threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No known conservation actions are in place. Populations inside the lower Papanasam hydroelectric project and are not exploited. Some populations are protected in the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve. Nevertheless, research is required on the population trends, life history and specific threats to the species.

Citation: Dahanukar, N. 2013. Puntius tambraparniei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 30 May 2015.
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