|Scientific Name:||Hippocampus satomiae Lourie & Kuiter, 2008|
Hippocampus waleananus Gomon & Kuiter, 2009
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Lourie, S.A., Pollom, R.A. and Foster, S.J. 2016. A global revision of the seahorses Hippocampus Rafinesque 1810 (Actinopterygii: Syngnathiformes): Taxonomy and biogeography with recommendations for future research. Zootaxa 4146(1): 1-66.|
This species is named in honour of Miss Satomi Onishi, the dive guide who collected the type specimens (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kleiber, D. & Lourie, S.|
H. satomiae is a recently discovered species of pygmy seahorse from Indonesia. Because Lourie and Kuiter (2008) is the first documented record of this species, there is not enough available information to evaluate it under any of the IUCN criteria.
Hippocampus satomiae is known from scattered localities in Indonesia, including Derawan (type locality), and Lembeh Strait (northern Sulawesi), as well as northern Borneo, Malaysia (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:|
During the day, H. satomiae are difficult to find, even in areas where they are known to occur. H. satomiae congregate at night, in groups of 3–5 individuals, on small sea fans and occur at depths between 15–20 m on the bottom below reef overhangs (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
At birth, the young are jet-black, about 3mm in height and shaped similarly to the adults. They settle on the bottom close to their place of birth. The holotype, collected in October, was pregnant and carrying approximately eight young (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
|Major Threat(s):||None known.|
|Conservation Actions:||None known. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.|
|Citation:||Sorensen, M. 2010. Hippocampus satomiae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T172284A6864259.Downloaded on 19 November 2017.|
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