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Hippocampus satomiae 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae

Scientific Name: Hippocampus satomiae Lourie & Kuiter, 2008
Common Name(s):
English Satomi's Pygmy Seahorse
Synonym(s):
Hippocampus waleananus Gomon & Kuiter, 2009
Taxonomic Source(s): Lourie, S.A., Pollom, R.A. and Foster, S.J. 2016. A global revision of the seahorses Hippocampus Rafinesque 1810 (Actinopterygii: Syngnathiformes): Taxonomy and biogeography with recommendations for future research. Zootaxa 4146(1): 1-66.
Taxonomic Notes:

This species is named in honour of Miss Satomi Onishi, the dive guide who collected the type specimens (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-12-15
Assessor(s): Sorensen, M.
Reviewer(s): Kleiber, D. & Lourie, S.
Justification:

H. satomiae is a recently discovered species of pygmy seahorse from Indonesia. Because Lourie and Kuiter (2008) is the first documented record of this species, there is not enough available information to evaluate it under any of the IUCN criteria.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

Hippocampus satomiae is known from scattered localities in Indonesia, including Derawan (type locality), and Lembeh Strait (northern Sulawesi), as well as northern Borneo, Malaysia (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).

Countries occurrence:
Native:
Indonesia
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Pacific – western central
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Unknown.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

During the day, H. satomiae are difficult to find, even in areas where they are known to occur. H. satomiae congregate at night, in groups of 3–5 individuals, on small sea fans and occur at depths between 15–20 m on the bottom below reef overhangs (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).

At birth, the young are jet-black, about 3mm in height and shaped similarly to the adults. They settle on the bottom close to their place of birth. The holotype, collected in October, was pregnant and carrying approximately eight young (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
 
Extremely small size, height 11 mm, standard length 14 mm (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).

Systems:Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): None known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None known. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Citation: Sorensen, M. 2010. Hippocampus satomiae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T172284A6864259. . Downloaded on 19 November 2017.
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