Hippocampus pontohi 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Syngnathiformes Syngnathidae

Scientific Name: Hippocampus pontohi Lourie & Kuiter, 2008
Common Name(s):
English Pontoh`s Pygmy Seahorse
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. and Van der Laan, R. (eds). 2016. Catalog of Fishes: genera, species, references. Updated 2 August 2016. Available at: (Accessed: 2 August 2016).
Taxonomic Notes:

This species is named in honour of Hence Pontoh, an Indonesian dive guide.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-12-15
Assessor(s): Sorensen, M.
Reviewer(s): Kleiber, D. & Lourie, S.

H. pontohi is a recently discovered species of pygmy seahorse from Indonesia. Because Lourie and Kuiter (2008) is the first documented record of this species, there is not enough available information to evaluate it under any of the IUCN criteria.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

H. pontohi  has been recorded at a number of areas in Indonesia (Bunaken, Cape Sri, Sorong, Wakatobi, Lembeh Straits; Lourie and Kuiter 2008).

Countries occurrence:
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – western central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):25
Upper depth limit (metres):11
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Holotype and paratype specimens found at 16 m and 12 m depth respectively, but has been recorded between 11–25 m. Found among algae, bryozoans, hydroid crops (Lourie and Kuiter 2008) and specifically the coralline algae Halimeda and hydroid Aglaephenia cupressina (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
Extremely small size, height 14 mm, standard length 17 mm (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
H. pontohi is commonly found in pairs and is relatively active. Two of the specimens collected were pregnant and each contained 11 embryos (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).


Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Found in Bunaken National Park, Indonesia. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Citation: Sorensen, M. 2010. Hippocampus pontohi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T172282A6864007. . Downloaded on 23 November 2017.
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