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Hippocampus pontohi

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII SYNGNATHIFORMES SYNGNATHIDAE

Scientific Name: Hippocampus pontohi
Species Authority: Lourie & Kuiter, 2008
Taxonomic Notes:

This species is named in honour of Hence Pontoh, an Indonesian dive guide.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-12-15
Assessor(s): Sorensen, M.
Reviewer(s): Kleiber, D. & Lourie, S.
Justification:

H. pontohi is a recently discovered species of pygmy seahorse from Indonesia. Because Lourie and Kuiter (2008) is the first documented record of this species, there is not enough available information to evaluate it under any of the IUCN criteria.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

H. pontohi  has been recorded at a number of areas in Indonesia (Bunaken, Cape Sri, Sorong, Wakatobi, Lembeh Straits; Lourie and Kuiter 2008).

Countries:
Native:
Indonesia
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Native:
Pacific – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Holotype and paratype specimens found at 16 m and 12 m depth respectively, but has been recorded between 11–25 m. Found among algae, bryozoans, hydroid crops (Lourie and Kuiter 2008) and specifically the coralline algae Halimeda and hydroid Aglaephenia cupressina (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
 
Extremely small size, height 14 mm, standard length 17 mm (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).
 
H. pontohi is commonly found in pairs and is relatively active. Two of the specimens collected were pregnant and each contained 11 embryos (Lourie and Kuiter 2008).

Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Found in Bunaken National Park, Indonesia. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.

Citation: Sorensen, M. 2010. Hippocampus pontohi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 July 2014.
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