Prunus brigantina 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Rosales Rosaceae

Scientific Name: Prunus brigantina Vill.
Common Name(s):
French Prunier de Briançon, Marmottier, Prunier des Alpes
English Briançon Apricot
Prunus brigantiaca Vill.
Taxonomic Source(s): The Plant List. 2017. The Plant List. Version 1.1. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: Prunus brigantina Vill. is a wild relative of almond, P. dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb, peach and nectarine, P. persica (L.) Batsch, plum, P. domestica L., sloe, P. spinosa L. and sweet cherry, P. avium (L.) L.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-04-13
Assessor(s): Branca, F. & Donnini, D.
Reviewer(s): Dulloo, M.E., Nieto, A. & Kell, S.P.
Contributor(s): Kell, S.P.
This species is assessed as Data Deficient as there is currently insufficient information available to evaluate this species. Information about the population size, trend and potential threats is needed, as well as its in situ and ex situ conservation status.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is native to France and Italy (Kurtto 2009). It is only found in a few alpine valleys near Briançon, between France and northwest Italy. In France it is confined to the three southeastern departments of Alpes-Maritimes, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Hautes-Alpes (Association Tela Botanica 2000–2010).
Countries occurrence:
France (France (mainland)); Italy (Italy (mainland))
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1300
Upper elevation limit (metres):1700
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


Further research is needed to gather information about the population size and trend of this species.

Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It grows in arid places in shrub thickets in the Alps, above 1,400 m (Association Tela Botanica 2000–2010).

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is a wild relative of and potential gene donor to almond, peach and nectarine, plum, sloe and sweet cherry.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

Further research is needed to gather information about the potential threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No germplasm accessions of P. brigantina are reported by EURISCO to be held in European genebanks (EURISCO Catalogue 2010). A review of the ex situ conservation status of this species is required and germplasm collection and duplicated ex situ storage should be carried out as necessary.

Further research is needed to determine the in situ conservation status of this species.

Errata [top]

Errata reason: An errata assessment was created in order to provide a map, which was based on data from SIVIM (2017).

Citation: Branca, F. & Donnini, D. 2011. Prunus brigantina (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172164A121228349. . Downloaded on 23 June 2018.
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