|Scientific Name:||Scomberomorus regalis|
|Species Authority:||(Bloch, 1793)|
Scomber regalis Bloch, 1793
Scomberomorus plumierii Lacepède, 1801
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Collette, B., Amorim, A.F., Boustany, A., Carpenter, K.E., de Oliveira Leite Jr., N., Di Natale, A., Fox, W., Fredou, F.L., Graves, J., Viera Hazin, F.H., Juan Jorda, M., Minte Vera, C., Miyabe, N., Nelson, R., Oxenford, H., Teixeira Lessa, R.P. & Pires Ferreira Travassos, P.E.|
|Reviewer(s):||Russell, B. & Polidoro, B.|
This species is widely distributed, and is particularly abundant around Caribbean reefs. Although taken by local fisheries, usually by hook and line, it is not a target species and is not usually fished with gill nets or purse seines. Therefore, it is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is found from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in the western Atlantic including the insular Caribbean.|
Native:Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba, Sint Eustatius); Brazil; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guyana; Haiti; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Atlantic – northwest; Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Reported worldwide landings are relatively low, and range between 100 and 800 mt from 1950–2005 (FAO 2009). However, landings have likely been under-reported, and landing may be pooled with other Atlantic species. Landings in Puerto Rico were approximately 200 metric tons in 2001 (Figuerola-Fernandez 2003).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
This species is most abundant in clear waters around coral reefs, occasionally forming schools. It feeds on clupeoids (Harengula, Jenkinsia and Opisthonema) and atherinids (Allanetta), squids, and shrimps (Randall 1967).
Length at 50% maturity in Florida is 35 cm fork length (FL) for males and 38 cm FL for females, with fecundity estimates of 161,000–2,234,000 eggs per female (Finucane and Collins 1984). In Puerto Rico, length at 50% maturity is 35 cm (FL) for males and 41.3 cm (FL) for females (Figuerola-Fernandez 2003). Spawning in Puerto Rico occurs year round with a peak from April to September.
Maximum length in Florida is 83.5 cm FL (Beardsley and Richards 1970). The all-tackle game fish record is of a 7.76 kg fish caught at Islamadora, Florida in 1986 (IGFA 2011).
|Use and Trade:||This is a minor commercial fishery species.|
|Major Threat(s):||This is a minor commercial species taken recreationally and with gillnets, purse seines and with line gear.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation measures. This species may be present in some marine protected areas within its range.|
|Citation:||Collette, B., Amorim, A.F., Boustany, A., Carpenter, K.E., de Oliveira Leite Jr., N., Di Natale, A., Fox, W., Fredou, F.L., Graves, J., Viera Hazin, F.H., Juan Jorda, M., Minte Vera, C., Miyabe, N., Nelson, R., Oxenford, H., Teixeira Lessa, R.P. & Pires Ferreira Travassos, P.E. 2011. Scomberomorus regalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 April 2015.|
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