Parribacus antarcticus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Parribacus antarcticus
Species Authority: (Lund, 1793)
Common Name/s:
English Sculptured Mitten Lobster
French Cigale savate
Spanish Cigarra chinesa
Parribacus ursusmajor De Man, 1916
Scyllarus antarcticus Lund, 1793

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2009-12-03
Assessor/s: Chan, T.Y.
Reviewer/s: Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.
Contributor/s: Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.
Parribacus antarcticus has been assessed as Least Concern due to its wide distribution and lack of threats. It is consumed locally, though this is not a targeted fishery and it is only known to be taken in parts of its large range.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known along the Western Atlantic region, from Florida to Bahia, north east Brazil (including the island of Fernando de Noronha, and the states of Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Alagoas, and Espírito Santo) (Holthuis 1991; Tavares 2002). This species is also distributed along the mainland coast of the Caribbean Sea, and the West Indian Islands (Hothuis 1991) and the western Caribbean islands (Manzanilla-Dominguez and Gasca 2004). This species is also distributed in the Indo-West Pacific region from east and southeast Africa, to Hawaii and Polynesia (including: India, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Melanesia) (Holthuis 1991).
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Brazil (Alagoas, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Fernando de Noronha, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte); Cayman Islands; Comoros; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominica; Dominican Republic; French Polynesia; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Haiti; Honduras; Indonesia; Jamaica; Kiribati; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Martinique; Mauritius; Montserrat; Mozambique; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; Tuvalu; United States (Florida, Hawaiian Is.); Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – southwest; Atlantic – western central; Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – western central
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is considered 'rare' by Coutures (2001).  Additionally Manzanilla-Dominguez and Gasca (2004) state this species to be rare in the waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the Western Caribbean in adult form.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs between 0-20 metres deep, in coral and stone reefs, with a sandy bottom habitat. It is nocturnal and is often found hiding in crevices during the daytime, occasionally in small groups (Holthuis 1991).
Systems: Marine

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

The main threat to this species is that of harvesting for food. However this is not a targeted fishery, and most specimens are taken incidentally within the Spiny Lobster fishery so this is unlikley to pose a signifcant threat to the population.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species.
Citation: Chan, T.Y. 2011. Parribacus antarcticus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 25 April 2014.
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