|Scientific Name:||Ibacus novemdentatus|
|Species Authority:||Gibbes, 1850|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||MacDiarmid, A., Cockcroft, A. & Butler, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.|
|Contributor(s):||Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.|
Ibacus novemdentus has been assessed as Least Concern due its wide distribution. While this species is harvested as by-catch, it is not taken across its entire range and is not thought to pose a significant threat to the population at this time.
|Range Description:||This species is known from the Indo-west Pacific and East Africa. It ranges from: Kenya to Cape Province, Madagascar to the Mauritius-Seychelles Ridge, from Korea and Japan, to the South China Sea including Taiwan, Viet Nam, the Philippines, and Western Australia (Holthuis 1991).|
Native:Australia (Western Australia); Cambodia; China (Guangdong, Guangxi); Hong Kong; Indonesia (Bali, Jawa, Kalimantan, Lesser Sunda Is., Maluku, Papua, Sulawesi, Sumatera); Japan (Honshu, Kazan-retto, Kyushu, Marcus I., Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Shikoku); Kenya; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Macao; Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Mauritius (Mauritius (main island), Rodrigues); Mozambique; Papua New Guinea (Papua New Guinea (main island group)); Philippines; Seychelles (Aldabra, Seychelles (main island group)); Somalia; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Northern Cape Province); Taiwan, Province of China (Taiwan, Province of China (main island)); Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Viet Nam
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Indian Ocean – western; Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available. This species is caught as by-catch throughout its range.|
The combined landings of this species and I. ciliatus reported for Taiwan, are as follows (tonnes):
1989 - 663; 1990 - 310; 1991 - 389; 1992 - 514; 1993 - 456; 1994 - 236; 1995 - 1,224; 1996 - 1,115; 1997 - 642; 1997 - 642; 1998 - 696; 1999 - 676; 2000 - 1,600; 2001 - 1,607; 2002 - 1,005; 2003 - 1,637; 2004 - 1,596; 2005 - 1,553; 2006 - 1,570 (FISHSTAT Plus 2000). Further species specific information is needed on whether the increases or decreases in the landings reflect changes in fishing effort.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found on soft sediments at a depth range of 37 - 400 m (Holthuis 1991).|
|Use and Trade:||Captured as bycatch and used as food.|
This species is harvested for food in Korea, Taiwan and Japan and is sold fresh in local markets, where it is taken by trawlers and long line (Holthuis 1991).
There is no targeted fishery for this species in the Western Indian Ocean, although it is common in trawls, with numbers as high as 22.6 kg per hour (Ivanov and Krylov 1980). The by-catch of this species is not thought to pose a significant threat to the population at this time.
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species.
Further research is needed on the extent of this fishery, with data on fishing effort and landings.
|Citation:||MacDiarmid, A., Cockcroft, A. & Butler, M. 2011. Ibacus novemdentatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T170023A6710751.Downloaded on 19 January 2017.|
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