|Scientific Name:||Metanephrops binghami|
|Species Authority:||(Boone, 1927)|
Nephrops binghami Boone, 1927
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Butler, M., Chan, T.Y., Cockcroft, A., MacDiarmid, A. & Wahle, R.|
|Reviewer(s):||Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.|
|Contributor(s):||Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.|
Metanephrops binghami has been assessed as Least Concern. This species has a wide distribution and is not commercially harvested in any part of its range, although efforts are being made to develop fisheries in some areas. At present this species is not considered threatened at the global scale.
|Range Description:||This species has a wide distribution in the Western Atlantic region: from southern Florida and the Bahamas, through the Mosquito Gulf, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, south to French Guiana (Holthuis 1991).|
Native:Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Colombia (Colombia (mainland), Colombian Caribbean Is.); Costa Rica (Cocos I., Costa Rica (mainland)); Cuba; Dominica; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras (Honduran Caribbean Is., Honduras (mainland)); Martinique; Mexico (Campeche, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Quintana Roo, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatán); Nicaragua (Nicaragua (mainland), Nicaraguan Caribbean Is.); Panama; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; United States (Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas); Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of (Aves I., Venezuela (mainland), Venezuelan Antilles)
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Atlantic – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is abundant in parts of its range (T.Y. Chan pers. comm. 2009).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs on sand or mud, coralline sand, rubble, blue and grey mud substrate. It occurs at a depth range of 230-700 m, though most commonly between 300-500 m (Holthuis 1991).|
|Use and Trade:||This species occurs too deep (over 300 m) for non-commercial fishing (Bannerot and Bannerot 2004). Although not actively fished, exploratory trawling operations have been undertaken in parts of its range (Nicaragua and Colombia; Tavares 2002), and this species has the potential for economic exploitation in Venezuela (Anon 2005).|
Holthuis (1991) stated that this species was not actively fished at the time, although it was "taken in commercially attractive quantities [ca 10 kg/h] during exploratory trawling operations in the western Caribbean Sea [Nicaragua and Colombia]". This species was caught in a few hauls at a depth of 300 m off the coast of Venezuela, close to Margarita Island (Saetersdal 1999). The situation was much the same in 2002, when Tavares (2002) stated that this species was "still not actively fished for at present".
According to the FAO's 1994 assessment of Caribbean fisheries; crustaceans, including lobsters, were not considered overexploited. However, this is an overall estimate, and does not give an accurate picture of local stocks which can vary greatly (CEP 2001). Furthermore, a major threat to lobsters in the Caribbean is the destruction of mangrove forests, which adversely affects juvenile nursery grounds and renders the coastline vulnerable to erosion (CEP 2001).
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for this species.|
|Citation:||Butler, M., Chan, T.Y., Cockcroft, A., MacDiarmid, A. & Wahle, R. 2013. Metanephrops binghami. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 October 2014.|
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