Naja philippinensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Elapidae

Scientific Name: Naja philippinensis Taylor, 1922
Common Name(s):
English Northern Philippine Cobra

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2007-04-22
Assessor(s): Sy, E., Brown, R., Afuang, L., Diesmos, A. & Gonzalez, J.C.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. & Hoffmann, M. (Global Reptile Assessment Coordinating Team)
Listed as Near Threatened, as this species is heavily persecuted in some areas, and is also widely traded at a low level. It is presumably declining due to these threats, and is now rarely seen during herpetological surveys. The species appears to approach the threat criteria of A2d, A3d, and A4d.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This generally lowland species is endemic to the Philippines where it has been recorded from the islands of Luzon, Mindoro, Masbate, and Marinduque. It is found up to elevations of 800 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):800
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Historically, this species was described as common in coastal areas. It appears to now be more rare.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This terrestrial species is found in a wide range of habitats, from primary tropical moist forest to agricultural and urban areas.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is widely persecuted, especially in and around agricultural areas. Animals are collected for the exotic food trade (within the Philippines), and to a much lesser degree, for the pet trade. This snake is also collected and used for anti-venom production by the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: In view of the species wide range, it is presumably present in some protected areas. Awareness programmes are needed to reduce levels of persecution. Better control and enforcement of legislation to regulate the exotic food trade is also needed. International trade in this species is regulated by CITES.

Citation: Sy, E., Brown, R., Afuang, L., Diesmos, A. & Gonzalez, J.C. 2009. Naja philippinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T169768A6671431. . Downloaded on 24 June 2018.
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