Euryale ferox


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Euryale ferox
Species Authority: Salisb.
Common Name(s):
English Gorgon, Prickly Water Lily

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-04-18
Assessor(s): Zhuang, X.
Reviewer(s): Homsombath, K., Meng, M., Bounphanmy, S. & Juffe Bignoli, D.

This species covers a wide geographic range. It is mostly a cultivated plant and is extensively used in China for several purposes such as food or medicine. No major threats to this species have been reported. It is listed as Least Concern.

2013 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: An eastern and south Asian species, it is widespread and recorded from the Russian Federation (Primorye), China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), India (Assam, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Japan (Honshu, Kyushu), Republic of Korea, Taiwan (Province of Thailand), Bangladesh and Myanmar (Wu et al. 2007, USDA 2010).
Bangladesh; China (Anhui, Beijing, Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin, Yunnan, Zhejiang); India (Assam, Bihar, Jammu-Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Japan (Honshu, Kyushu); Korea, Republic of; Myanmar (Myanmar (mainland)); Russian Federation (Primoryi); Taiwan, Province of China
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


No population information on this species.

Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It grows in ponds and lakes.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This plant has edible and medicinal uses. The fruit is is highly esteemed in China as a cooling tonic food. The seed is usually roasted and then eaten. It is also used as a source of starch. All parts of the plant are considered to be astringent, deobstruent and tonic. The seed is analgesic and aphrodisiac. It is taken internally in the treatment of chronic diarrhoea, vaginal discharge and kidney weakness (Li et al. 2007, PFAF 2010, Duke 2010). Cultivated in China.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

No information on its major threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

No conservation actions required.

Citation: Zhuang, X. 2011. Euryale ferox. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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