Puntius manipurensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Puntius manipurensis
Species Authority: Menon, Rema Devi & Vishwanath, 2000
Taxonomic Notes: Menon, Rema and Vishwanath (2000) described Puntius manipurensis from Loktak Lake, Manipur, India. This species considered as valid by Kullander and Fang (2005), Vishwanath and Laishram (2004), Kullander and Britz (2008).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(ii,iii,iv,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2010-02-21
Assessor(s): Singh, L.
Reviewer(s): Barbhuiya, A.H., Juffe Bignoli, D. & Rema Devi, K.R.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.

Puntius manipurensis has a restricted range of less than 120 km2 and may even be less than 100 km2 with the area of occupancy of this lake endemic being less than 100 km2. Its habitat and quality are declining due to siltation, eutrophication, water quality deterioration. These threats are likely to continue as there is there is continuous inflow of nutrients rich soil from the catchment area, sewage from the municipal areas and agricultural residue from the surrounding agricultural fields. The species is under severe threat and is assessed as Endangered.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Puntius manipurensis is known only from the Loktak Lake of Manipur, in northeastern India.
India (Manipur)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


The species is not very common and the population is declining steadily since it was first described (W. Vishwanath pers. comm. 2010).

Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species inhabits shallow lakes.
Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is consumed by the local people.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threat to this fish is habitat loss, deterioration of water quality and over exploitation. The Loktak Lake, type locality of the fish, is facing numerous threats like siltation, eutrophication, water quality deterioration, proliferation of phumdis (heterogeneous mass of soil, vegetation and organic matter) and encroachment (Kosygin and Dhamendra 2009).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

Puntius manipurensis is known only from the Loktak Lake, Manipur, India. which is  a protected area. The state Government of Manipur is greately conserned about the deteriorating conditions of the LoktakLake. During 1986 the Loktak Development Authority (LDA) was constituted by the state Government to check deterioration of Loktak lake and to bring improvement in the areas of power generation, fisheries, tourism and siltation control etc. Recently, the Government of Manipur has notified the Manipur Loktak lake (Protection) Act, 2006 and Loktak lake (Protection) Rules, 2008, which would improve functioning of the authority by reorganizing and bringing legislative basis for lake management.

Citation: Singh, L. 2010. Puntius manipurensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 28 May 2015.
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