|Scientific Name:||Serranus chionaraia Robins & Starck, 1961|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Anderson, W., Carpenter, K.E., Gilmore, G., Milagrosa Bustamante, G., Polanco Fernandez, A. & Robertson, R.|
|Contributor(s):||Rocha, L.A. & McEachran, J.D.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Linardich, C. & Barthelat, F.|
This widely distributed species can be locally common and abundant in some parts of its range where it occurs over deeper rocky reefs and soft bottom. It is valuable in the aquarium trade and effort to collect in it in the Florida Keys may be increasing, however, it is not likely that they are taken in significant numbers and they are not commonly available in the aquarium market. There are no known major threats, therefore, it is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Serranus chionaraia is distributed in the western Atlantic from the Florida Keys and northwestern Cuba in the Gulf of Mexico, in the Caribbean from Jamaica to Tobago, and along Central and South America from Mexico to northeastern Brazil (R. Robertson pers. comm. 2014). Its depth range is 10-100 m (A. Polanco and R. Robertson pers. comm. 2012).|
Native:Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Barbados; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba; Brazil; Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; French Guiana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Montserrat; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Atlantic – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species can be locally common. It was abundant in a study conducted off St. Vincent Island on a pyroclastic flow between 70-80 m depth (G. Gilmore pers. comm. 2012).|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs on rocky reef rubble bottoms as well as soft bottoms (A. Polanco and G. Gilmore pers. comm. 2012). Its maximum length is 6.5 cm TL (Robins and Ray 1986).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is highly valuable in the aquarium trade. There are new collection efforts of this species for the aquarium trade in the Florida Keys. Most specimens are shipped to Asia with some being sold in the United States (Walters 2012).|
There are no known major threats. It is valuable in the aquarium trade and effort to collect in it in the Florida Keys may be increasing, however, it is not likely that they are taken in significant numbers and they are not commonly available in the aquarium market. It is potentially a prey item of the invasive Lionfish, however, it is not likely that this will drive significant population declines on a global level (L. Rocha pers. comm. 2014).
|Conservation Actions:||There are no species-specific conservation measures in place.|
|Citation:||Anderson, W., Carpenter, K.E., Gilmore, G., Milagrosa Bustamante, G., Polanco Fernandez, A. & Robertson, R. 2015. Serranus chionaraia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T16759518A16781893.Downloaded on 15 October 2018.|
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