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Opuntia jamaicensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA CARYOPHYLLALES CACTACEAE

Scientific Name: Opuntia jamaicensis
Species Authority: Britton & Harris
Taxonomic Notes: This species was described by Britton and Harris in 1911.  This species is listed as potentially synonymous of O. tuna by Hunt et al. 2006.  Adams (1972) reports both O. tuna and O. jamaicensis for Jamaica, but they are not sympatric in the wild.  O. tuna, however, is widely cultivated.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-07-26
Assessor(s): Gann, G.D. & Majure, L.
Reviewer(s): Goettsch, B.K.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): García, N.
Justification:
This species is listed as Data Deficient because little is known about it. However, its range is restricted to a small area in Jamaica and it is possible that this species is threatened.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Jamaica, from Saint Catherine (Britton and Rose 1919). It occurs from sea level to eight meters (Adams 1972).
Countries:
Native:
Jamaica
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Adams (1972) reports that O. jamaicensis is very locally abundant in St. Catherine and Manchester parishes, which are found along the central southern coast. The population size for this species is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species occurs in plains in tropical dry shrubland. Adams (1972) reports that it forms pure stands near mangrove and logwood thickets and salinas in heavy silt alluvium.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: There is no information on the use of this species.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is no information on threats for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information on the conservation of this species is known. Research needs include further taxonomic studies, especially regarding its relationship to O. tuna and population level assessments. The status of this species concerning potential threats and conservation is unknown and requires further study.

Citation: Gann, G.D. & Majure, L. 2013. Opuntia jamaicensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.
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