Puntius phutunio


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Puntius phutunio
Species Authority: (Hamilton, 1822)
Common Name(s):
English Spottedsail barb, Pygmy barb, Phutuni barb, Dwarf barb
Barbus phutunio (Hamilton, 1822)
Cyprinus phutunio Hamilton, 1822
Systomus phutunio (Hamilton, 1822)
Taxonomic Notes: There are no taxonomic discrepancies associated with this species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2010-03-18
Assessor(s): Dahanukar, N.
Reviewer(s): Kar, D, Juffe Bignoli, D., Rema Devi, K.R. & Chaudhry, S.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.

Puntius phutunio is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats. It is also grown in captivity as aquarium fish. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Puntius phutunio is widely distributed in India (Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, Tripura) and Bangladesh (Talwar and Jhingran 1991, Jayaram 1991). Recently this species was recorded from Himachal Pradesh (Johal and Rawal 2005).
Bangladesh; India (Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa, Tripura, West Bengal)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


There is no information on the population and its trends for this species, but survey data suggests that it is relatively widespread and common.

Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Small sized fish (3.5 cm), inhibits clear streams and rivers, also muddy waters (Talwar and Jhingran 1991). Breeds by substrate egg-scatterering. Adults do not guard the eggs. It spawns near dawn between plants near the surface of the water. Eggs hatch in 2 days at 75 °F (24 °C) (Innes 1966).

Systems: Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Puntius phutunio is of commercial importance in the aquarium trade industry. It is the most charming of diminutive fishes and one of the smallest (3.5 cm) Indian barbs (Talwar and Jhingran 1991).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

This species may be affected by habitat degradation due to deforestation and other anthropogenic activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

Impact of harvest on the wild population must be studied.

Citation: Dahanukar, N. 2010. Puntius phutunio. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 27 May 2015.
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